Malgregator

InfoSec Week 46, 2018

Researchers at the University of California have found that GPUs are vulnerable to side-channel attacks and demonstrated multiple types of attacks. After reverse engineering Nvidia GPU, researchers were able to steal rendered password box from a browser, sniffed other browser related data and also settings from the neural network computations on a GPU in the data center.
https://www.networkworld.com/article/3321036/data-center/gpus-are-vulnerable-to-side-channel-attacks.html

Cybersecurity firm Trend Micro has analyzed a new cryptocurrency mining malware that targets Linux OS and is able to hide its processes by implementing a rootkit component.
The rootkit will replace and hooks the readdir and readdir64 application programming interfaces (APIs) of the libc library so the system is unable to monitor miner workers anymore.
https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/ph/security/news/cybercrime-and-digital-threats/cryptocurrency-mining-malware-targets-linux-systems-uses-rootkit-for-stealth

An Australian hacker has spent thousands of hours hacking the DRM that medical device manufacturers put on a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines to create a free tool that lets patients modify their treatment.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/xwjd4w/im-possibly-alive-because-it-exists-why-sleep-apnea-patients-rely-on-a-cpap-machine-hacker

In 2016, Russia's Internet Research Agency used browser plugin malware called FaceMusic which "liked" Russian content and made their content popular on a social networks.
Now a Russian national living in Bulgaria has been detained on an US arrest warrant and is accused of online fraud & maintaining a computer network with servers in Dallas between Sep 2014 - Dec 2016.
https://edition.cnn.com/2018/11/10/world/russian-hacker-wanted-by-the-united-states-arrested-in-bulgaria/index.html

The European Commission has just announced trials in Hungary, Greece and Latvia of iBorderCtrl project that includes the use of an AI-based lie detection system to spot when visitors to the EU give false information about themselves and their reasons for entering the area.
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2018/11/ai-based-lie-detection-system-at-eu-borders-will-screen-travellers-for-biomarkers-of-deceit

Troy Hunt analyzed 2FA, U2F authentication mechanisms and commented on the Google Advanced Protection enrollment procedure.
https://www.troyhunt.com/beyond-passwords-2fa-u2f-and-google-advanced-protection/

Bitwarden open source password manager has completed a thorough security audit and cryptographic analysis from the security experts at Cure53.
https://blog.bitwarden.com/bitwarden-completes-third-party-security-audit-c1cc81b6d33

According to a Censys online platform, over a million AT&T devices, probably cable modems share the same TLS private key.
https://twitter.com/nikitab/status/1062161234173288449

Researchers from Mozilla published blog on how they have designed privacy-aware Firefox Sync.
https://hacks.mozilla.org/2018/11/firefox-sync-privacy/

Two weeks ago we wrote about an attack against the OCB2 authenticated encryption scheme. It breaks integrity of OCB2.
Now there are two more papers, one breaks confidentiality and the other recovers plain text.
https://ia.cr/2018/1087
https://ia.cr/2018/1090

There is a zero day exploit "PHP_imap_open_exploit" in PHP that allows bypassing disabled exec functions by using call to imap_open.
https://github.com/Bo0oM/PHP_imap_open_exploit

InfoSec Week 45, 2018

A default VirtualBox virtual network device has a vulnerability allowing an attacker with root privilege to escape guest OS, execute commands in ring3 on a host.
All operating systems affected.
https://github.com/MorteNoir1/virtualbox_e1000_0day

Researchers at Radboud University in the Netherlands have revealed encryption vulnerabilities in the solid-state drives (SSD).
Samsung nor Crucial manufacturers are producing buggy firmware where anybody who steals your drive is able to decrypt it on their own.
https://www.ru.nl/publish/pages/909275/draft-paper_1.pdf

Police in the Netherlands were able to decrypt more than 258,000 messages sent using proprietary IronChat end-to-end (probably not) encrypted messaging application.
Lessons learned: do not use custom, proprietary, "exclusive" application nobody else except your gang members have...
https://www.politie.nl/en/news/2018/november/02-apeldoorn-police-have-achieved-a-breakthrough-in-the-interception-and-decryption-of-crypto-communication.html

The first release of 5G (3GPP Release 15) includes protection against an active IMSI catching.
"But in a typical case where 5G UE also supports LTE, it is still vulnerable to LTE IMSI catchers."
https://arxiv.org/abs/1811.02293

New "PortSmash" CPU side channel vulnerability impacts all CPUs that use a Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT).
The vulnerability has been discovered by researchers from the Tampere University of Technology in Finland and Technical University of Havana, Cuba.
https://github.com/bbbrumley/portsmash

Troy Hunt published blog on how passwords are superior to many alternative methods, primarily because "everyone understands how to use it".
https://www.troyhunt.com/heres-why-insert-thing-here-is-not-a-password-killer/

US Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) starts uploading unclassified foreign APT malware samples to VirusTotal.
https://www.cybercom.mil/Media/News/News-Display/Article/1681533/new-cnmf-initiative-shares-malware-samples-with-cybersecurity-industry/

Iran found CIA spies by Googling their online communication channels after double agent told them modus operandi.
https://www.yahoo.com/news/cias-communications-suffered-catastrophic-compromise-started-iran-090018710.html

Some explanation by Doug Madory of Oracle on how and when China Telecom hijacked BGP routing to send US-to-US traffic via mainland China.
https://internetintel.oracle.com/blog-single.html?id=China+Telecom%27s+Internet+Traffic+Misdirection

Early version of an open source, free WireGuard for iOS VPN tunneling implementation is in public testing.
https://lists.zx2c4.com/pipermail/wireguard/2018-November/003526.html

Microsoft releases a Linux version of their ProcDump Sysinternals Tool.
https://github.com/Microsoft/ProcDump-for-Linux

InfoSec Week 44, 2018

The US federal prosecutors say that Chinese spies hacked dozen firms to steal aviation engineering secrets for the Chinese aerospace company.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2018/10/feds-say-chinese-spies-and-their-hired-hackers-stole-aviation-secrets/

Apple's ICMP packet-handling code contains a heap buffer overflow vulnerability (CVE-2018-4407).
Exploit can DoS any Mac, iOS device on a network by sending a crafted packet. The ping of death is back.
https://lgtm.com/blog/apple_xnu_icmp_error_CVE-2018-4407

Microsoft is sharing Indian bank customers' data with U.S. intelligence agencies.
Looks like the banks were aware of it, when they have signed the Office 365 license agreements.
https://www.neowin.net/news/microsoft-has-been-sharing-indian-bank-customers039-data-with-us-intelligence-agencies

Google announced the launch of reCAPTCHA v3, which aims to improve user experience by removing the need for challenges. It uses the score based on the user on-site interactions.
https://developers.google.com/recaptcha/docs/v3

The end-to-end encrypted instant messaging application Signal introduced a new "Sealed sender" privacy feature that is protecting the sender before traffic observation.
https://signal.org/blog/sealed-sender/

Multiple malicious python libraries found and removed from PyPI. Guys are typo-squatting popular repository names and deliver malware.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/twelve-malicious-python-libraries-found-and-removed-from-pypi/

Great list of lessons learned over 20 years of red teaming by security expert Matt Devost.
https://www.oodaloop.com/ooda-original/2015/10/22/10-red-teaming-lessons-learned-over-20-years/

Cisco Talos researchers found a code execution vulnerability in the anti-malware tool Sophos HitmanPro.Alert.
https://www.scmagazineuk.com/vulnerability-found-sophos-anti-malware-product/article/1497367

Researcher Jay Rosenberg documents clear connection between one of Lazarus Group's tools and an open source Chinese CasperPhpTrojan remote access trojan.
https://www.intezer.com/paleontology-the-unknown-origins-of-lazarus-malware/

Apple releases specification of T2 security chip.
https://www.apple.com/mac/docs/Apple_T2_Security_Chip_Overview.pdf

Researchers announced a fast attack breaking OCB2, an ISO-standard authenticated encryption scheme.
https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/1040

InfoSec Week 43, 2018

A zero-day vulnerability in the jQuery File Upload plugin is actively exploited for at least three years. Patch now!
https://www.zdnet.com/article/zero-day-in-popular-jquery-plugin-actively-exploited-for-at-least-three-years/
https://github.com/lcashdol/Exploits/tree/master/CVE-2018-9206

A massive ad fraud scheme involving more than 125 Android apps and websites exploited Android Phones to steal millions.
Literally, almost everybody is doing this scheme against the smartphone users these days.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/craigsilverman/how-a-massive-ad-fraud-scheme-exploited-android-phones-to

Kaspersky Lab analyzed complex DarkPulsar backdoor administrative module for a malware leaked by the ShadowBrokers.
They have found around 50 victims located in Russia, Iran and Egypt, mostly companies working in the nuclear energy, telecommunications, IT, aerospace and R&D.
https://securelist.com/darkpulsar/88199/

Haaretz investigation reveals Israel has become a leading exporter of tools for spying on civilians.
Dictators around the world use them eavesdrop on human rights activists, monitor emails, hack into apps and record conversations.
https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-israel-s-cyber-spy-industry-aids-dictators-hunt-dissidents-and-gays-1.6573027

The consultancy firm McKinsey helping Saudi Arabia identify influential Saudis who opposed the government's line on Twitter.
Some of those individuals were later imprisoned & targeted with sophisticated spyware.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/us/politics/saudi-image-campaign-twitter.html

Companies building "Smart home" products refuse to say whether law enforcement is using their products to spy on citizens.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/19/smart-home-devices-hoard-data-government-demands/

Mozilla announces experimental partnership with the ProtonVPN.
They will offer a virtual private network (VPN) service to a small group of Firefox users.
https://blog.mozilla.org/futurereleases/2018/10/22/testing-new-ways-to-keep-you-safe-online/

The UK grassroots internet provider is testing a data only SIM card that blocks any non-Tor traffic from leaving the phone.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/d3qqj7/sim-card-forces-data-through-tor-brass-horn-communications

That feeling when you can steal a Tesla by relay attack (or key cloning?), but you have to Google how to unplug the charger.
https://gizmodo.com/hackers-allegedly-caught-on-video-stealing-tesla-model-1829905478

An insightful review of Android's secure backup practices published by NCC Group.
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/android-cloud-backuprestore/?research=Public+Reports

Endpoint security pioneer Joanna Rutkowska leaves Qubes OS, joins the Golem project.
https://www.qubes-os.org/news/2018/10/25/the-next-chapter/

Matthew Green wrote a post on password-based authenticated key exchange (PAKE )and the new OPAQUE protocol.
Quite useful techniques more people should know about.
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2018/10/19/lets-talk-about-pake/

Signal Desktop leaves message decryption key in the plain text.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/signal-desktop-leaves-message-decryption-key-in-plain-sight/

Trail of Bits published a useful guide to the post-quantum cryptography.
https://blog.trailofbits.com/2018/10/22/a-guide-to-post-quantum-cryptography/

InfoSec Week 42, 2018

The Czech Security Intelligence Service (BIS) shuts down Hezbollah servers in the Hezbollah hacking operation. Hackers used female Facebook profiles to trick victims into installing spyware.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/czech-intelligence-service-shuts-down-hezbollah-hacking-operation/

More than 420K compromised MikroTik routers can be found on the Internet with half of them mining cryptocurrencies, according to the results of Censys scanner.
Also, there is anonymous gray-hat researcher patching them remotely.
https://twitter.com/bad_packets/status/1050533001824595968
https://www.zdnet.com/article/a-mysterious-grey-hat-is-patching-peoples-outdated-mikrotik-routers/

Fake Adobe updates are circulating that will actually update the Windows version of a plugin on your computer, but also install cryptocurrency mining malware.
https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2018/10/unit42-fake-flash-updaters-push-cryptocurrency-miners/

According to a new research, if you're an American of European descent, there's a 60% chance you can be uniquely identified by public information in DNA databases. This is not information that you have made public; this is information your relatives have made public. https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/10/how_dna_databas.html

The Pentagon travel system has been hacked. Personal information and credit card data of at least 30K U.S. military and civilian personnel are affected.
https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2018/10/12/pentagon-reveals-cyber-breach-of-travel-records/

A PoC exploit for a Windows (CVE-2018-8495) remote code execution vulnerability that can be exploited via Microsoft Edge has been published.
https://leucosite.com/Microsoft-Edge-RCE/

There is a serious SSH bug discovered in LibSSH library.
Basically a client can bypass the authentication process by telling the server to set the internal state machine maintained by the library to authenticated.
https://www.libssh.org/security/advisories/CVE-2018-10933.txt

Electron just merged fix enabling position independent executable build (PIE) on Linux, so all Electron-Apps on Linux can soon leverage Address space layout randomization (ASLR) protection.
https://github.com/electron/electron/pull/15148

On this site, you can find "every byte of a TLS connection explained and reproduced".
Really interesting project.
https://tls.ulfheim.net/

Researcher Lance R. Vick started a spreadsheet to compare relative security, privacy, compatibility, and features of various messenger systems.
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1-UlA4-tslROBDS9IqHalWVztqZo7uxlCeKPQ-8uoFOU/edit

Recorded Future published analysis of a Russian and Chinese illegal hacking Communities.
https://www.recordedfuture.com/russian-chinese-hacking-communities/

Firefox Nightly now supports encrypting the TLS Server Name Indication (SNI) extension, which helps prevent attackers on a network from learning users browsing history.
https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2018/10/18/encrypted-sni-comes-to-firefox-nightly/

Swedish kids can read about the DNSSEC on a milk carton.
https://twitter.com/recollir/status/1051480941171003392/photo/1

InfoSec Week 41, 2018

Memory corruption bug in WhatsApp's non-WebRTC video conferencing implementation can screw you. Just answering a call from an attacker could completely compromise WhatsApp.
https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1654

Great story about the spear phishing scheme against the MacEwan University in Canada. Investigators were able to track stolen money to China and back to the Canadian real estate investments.
https://www.thestar.com/edmonton/2018/10/09/how-a-fraudster-got-12-million-out-of-a-canadian-university-they-just-asked-for-it.html

Millions of Xiongmai video surveillance devices can be easily hacked. Devices can be discovered because of predictable cloud ID derived from the MAC address, then compromised by using malicious firmware images delivered by fake update server.
https://sec-consult.com/en/blog/2018/10/millions-of-xiongmai-video-surveillance-devices-can-be-hacked-via-cloud-feature-xmeye-p2p-cloud/

US Department of Defense published some findings from the weapons systems pentesting.
Weak passwords, port scans that caused the weapons system to fail, etc.
https://www.gao.gov/mobile/products/GAO-19-128

"Making sense of the alleged Supermicro motherboard attack" published by researchers at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory is explaining the possible technical aspects behind the recent Bloomberg story about the hardware backdoors shipped from China.
https://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2018/10/05/making-sense-of-the-supermicro-motherboard-attack/
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2018-10-04/the-big-hack-how-china-used-a-tiny-chip-to-infiltrate-america-s-top-companies

US Police used victims' Fitbit data to charge 90-Year-Old man in stepdaughter’s killing.
They knew about the suspect, but the Fitbit data made the investigation easier.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/03/us/fitbit-murder-arrest.html

New Zealand can now fine travelers who refuse to unlock their digital devices for a search.
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-10-04/nz-customs-can-force-travellers-to-unlock-digital-devices/10338662

Microsoft patches zero day vulnerability (CVE-2018-8453) in the win32k.sys discovered by Kaspersky Lab back in August.
The exploit is used to target victims in the Middle East.
https://securelist.com/cve-2018-8453-used-in-targeted-attacks/88151/

There are multiple severe vulnerabilities reported in the Juniper network devices.
https://kb.juniper.net/InfoCenter/index?page=content&channel=SECURITY_ADVISORIES

Red Hat's Flatpak used for application distribution on Linux is implementing some questionable security practices.
https://flatkill.org/

Exploit for MikroTik router WinBox vulnerability gives full root access.
https://thehackernews.com/2018/10/router-hacking-exploit.html

Congratulations to ICANN for the first-ever DNSSEC root key signing key rollover that took place on 11 October 2018.
https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/ksk-rollover

Mozilla decided to delay distrust of the Symantec TLS certification authority from their browsers.
https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2018/10/10/delaying-further-symantec-tls-certificate-distrust/

ADAPE-Script - Active Directory Assessment and Privilege Escalation Script can automate your AD recon and pentesting.
https://github.com/hausec/ADAPE-Script

InfoSec Week 40, 2018

Estonia sues Gemalto for €152M over ID card flaws. According to an article, some keys were NOT generated on a smartcard due to a scaling issue.
Well, looks like they are not affected by ROCA vulnerability, just compromised by Gemalto:)
https://dan.enigmabridge.com/estonia-hits-gemalto-again-insecure-eid-cards/

Apple laptops on Intel chipsets were running in the Intel Management Engine Manufacturing Mode. The vulnerability (CVE-2018-4251) was patched in macOS High Sierra update 10.13.5.
By exploiting the vulnerability, an attacker could write old versions of Intel ME without physical access to the computer, with the possibility of running arbitrary code in ME.
http://blog.ptsecurity.com/2018/10/intel-me-manufacturing-mode-macbook.html

The FBI took down Phantom Secure, a Canadian (not only) encrypted communication service.
The company turned smartphones to a single use encrypted communication devices, mostly to be used by drug kingpins.
The service was sold only to a customers recommended by the existing one.
https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/phantom-secure-takedown-031618

The US-CERT has released a technical alert warning about a new "FASTCash" ATM scheme being used by the North Korean APT hacking group.
The malware installed on the issuers' compromised switch application servers intercepts the transaction request and responds the fake responses, fooling ATMs to spit out a large amount of cash.
https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA18-275A

GhostDNS DNS changer botnet hijacked over 100k routers attacking routers overt the intranet using browser javascript.
https://www.hacking.reviews/2018/10/ghostdns-new-dns-changer-botnet.html

Brian Krebs wrote about the really clever phishing scam schemes executed over the phone. They are pretending to be a bank, and have lots of information about the victim before the scam occurs.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2018/10/voice-phishing-scams-are-getting-more-clever/

Some Reddit guy found tiny Linux PC hooked to to a router in his apartment. Investigation showed, that it is some kind of information stealing device and the info collectors are paying a "rent" to a roommate which implanted it on his own network. https://www.reddit.com/r/whatisthisthing/comments/9ixdh9/found_hooked_up_to_my_router/e6nh61r/

Facebook published some technical details about the recent profile leaking vulnerability.
The attackers connected three bugs and basically automated the whole process of obtaining user access tokens.
https://newsroom.fb.com/news/2018/09/security-update/

ESET researchers documented the first UEFI rootkit found in the wild. Called LoJax, the rootkit is targeting central, eastern Europe and Balkan government organizations.
https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/09/27/lojax-first-uefi-rootkit-found-wild-courtesy-sednit-group/

Conor Patrick recently launched Kickstarter campaign for Solo, the first open source FIDO2 USB, NFC security key. Support it!
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/conorpatrick/solo-the-first-open-source-fido2-security-key-usb

A step-by-step Linux kernel exploitation for CVE-2017-11176 with the exploit code included.
https://blog.lexfo.fr/cve-2017-11176-linux-kernel-exploitation-part1.html

InfoSec Week 39, 2018

Linux had officially committed to implementing and obeying the Code of Conduct — which is immediately misused to remove top Linux coders.
Some of the Linux developers are now threatening to withdraw the license to all of their code.
https://lulz.com/linux-devs-threaten-killswitch-coc-controversy-1252/

Bug in Twitter sent users' private direct messages to third-party developers who were not authorized to receive them. Some brand accounts should be affected.
https://blog.twitter.com/developer/en_us/topics/tools/2018/details-for-developers-on-Account-Activity-API-bug.html

Qualcomm accuses Apple of stealing chip secrets for the purpose of helping Intel overcome engineering flaws in its chips.
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/09/25/qualcomm-accuses-apple-of-giving-its-chip-secrets-to-intel.html

Australian government pushes for the smartphone spyware implanted by Telco vendors, manufacturers.
https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/business/companies/spyware-on-phone-fears-as-dutton-pushes-new-security-laws-20180924-p505oc.html

At least the sixth backdoor account was removed from Cisco devices this year.
This time it's "hardcoded credentials" in the Cisco Video Surveillance Manager (VSM) Software.
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20180921-vsm

ESET researchers discovered, that the Kodi Media Player add-ons are misused for the cryptocurrency mining malware distribution.
https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/09/13/kodi-add-ons-launch-cryptomining-campaign/

According to a stackexchange post, "the Chinese police is forcing whole cities to install an Android spyware app Jingwang Weishi.
They are stopping people in the street and detaining those who refuse to install it."
https://security.stackexchange.com/questions/194353/police-forcing-me-to-install-jingwang-spyware-app-how-to-minimize-impact

Researchers proved that the security of PKCS #1 Digital Signatures is as secure as any of its successors like RSA-PSS and RSA Full-Domain.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/09/evidence_for_th.html

There is a novel cache poisoning attack on WiFi by a remote off-path mitm attack vector.
Takes only 30 seconds and is using interesting multi-packet injection for timing side channel inference for injection. Works on Windows, OSX and Linux.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/usenixsecurity18/presentation/chen-weiteng

InfoSec Week 38, 2018

Purism project introduced their own security token called the Librem Key. They have partnered with the Nitrokey manufacturer, but the firmware provides additional functionality, like a challenge response mode where the key informs you if the bios running on a PC has validated itself to the key.
https://puri.sm/posts/introducing-the-librem-key/

Google built a prototype of a censored search engine which should be used in China, that links users’ searches to their phone numbers.
https://theintercept.com/2018/09/14/google-china-prototype-links-searches-to-phone-numbers/

According to a Swiss officials, two Russian spies caught in the Netherlands had been plotting a cyber attack on a Swiss defense lab analyzing the Novichok nerve agent used in the Salisbury poisoning.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/14/world/europe/russians-salisbury-swiss-lab-sabotage.html

Citizen Lab has published a new report about the Pegasus spyware created by Israeli cyber-security firm NSO Group.
The malware is operating on both Android and iOS devices, and the researchers identified 45 countries in which operators of NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware may be conducting operations.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/09/hide-and-seek-tracking-nso-groups-pegasus-spyware-to-operations-in-45-countries/

Hackers were running cryptocurrency mining malware on the Indian government sites.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/startups/newsbuzz/hackers-mined-a-fortune-from-indian-websites/articleshow/65836088.cms

Every day this week, Cloudflare is announcing support for a new technology that uses cryptography.
They have introduced Onion service, BGP PKI (RPKI), IPFS node. Essentially, we can call them an active global adversary now.
https://blog.cloudflare.com/crypto-week-2018/

The Western Digital My Cloud was affected by an authentication bypass vulnerability.
An unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability to authenticate as an admin user without needing to provide a password.
https://securify.nl/en/advisory/SFY20180102/authentication-bypass-vulnerability-in-western-digital-my-cloud-allows-escalation-to-admin-privileges.html

NSS Labs filed an antitrust suit against CrowdStrike, Symantec, ESET and the Anti-Malware Testing Standards Organization (AMTSO), because they found out that the "vendors have conspired to prevent testing of their products by placing clauses in their end user licensing agreements (EULA) that make testing of their products subject to their permission."
https://www.nsslabs.com/blog/company/advancing-transparency-and-accountability-in-the-cybersecurity-industry/

The new Necurs botnet spam campaign targets Banks with the malicious Wizard (.wiz) files used by Microsoft programs such as Word to guide users through complex or repetitive tasks.
https://blog.barkly.com/wiz-file-malware-necurs-campaign

Informative blog by the LineageOS engineers covering Qualcomm bootloader chain of trust to the point of Android OS being loaded.
https://lineageos.org/engineering/Qualcomm-Firmware/

GnuPG can now be used to perform notarial acts in the State of Washington.
https://lists.gnupg.org/pipermail/gnupg-users/2018-September/060987.html

A new CSS-based web attack will crash and restart your iPhone.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/09/15/a-new-css-based-web-attack-will-crash-and-restart-your-iphone/

Interesting project - SlotBot: Hacking slot machines to win the jackpot with a buttonhole camera and brute-force search.
https://github.com/tensor8/hacking_slot_machines

InfoSec Week 37, 2018

Tesla model S is using a 40bit challenge response scheme broken back in 2005. Researchers stole a car in ~6 seconds with precomputed tables.
https://www.esat.kuleuven.be/cosic/fast-furious-and-insecure-passive-keyless-entry-and-start-in-modern-supercars/

Zerodium exploit acquisition program published a serious Tor Browser 7.x vulnerability leading to a full bypass of Tor / NoScript 'Safest' security level which is supposed to block all javascript.
This kind of bug is an law enforcement dream.
https://twitter.com/Zerodium/status/1039127214602641409

Very interesting read from Troy Hunt on the effectiveness of negative media coverage and shaming of bad security.
https://www.troyhunt.com/the-effectiveness-of-publicly-shaming-bad-security/

Researchers say that the developers of Adware Doctor, the fourth highest ranking paid app in the Mac App Store, have found a way to bypass Apple restrictions and sends the browsing history of its users to a server in China. Apple already removed the application from the Mac Store.
https://objective-see.com/blog/blog_0x37.html

Apple has also removed most of the popular security applications offered by cyber-security vendor Trend Micro from its official Mac App Store after they were caught stealing users' sensitive data without their consent.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/trend-micro-apps-leak-user-data-removed-from-mac-app-store/

European Court of Human Rights rules that GCHQ Data collection violates the human rights charter.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/sep/13/gchq-data-collection-violated-human-rights-strasbourg-court-rules

The Iran government, at least since 2016, is is spying on its citizens, Kurdish and Turkish natives, and ISIS supporters, using mobile applications with a malware.
The operation has been named Domestic Kitten.
https://research.checkpoint.com/domestic-kitten-an-iranian-surveillance-operation/

Researchers introduced previously overlooked side-channel attack vector called Nemesis that abuses the CPU’s interrupt mechanism to leak microarchitectural instruction timings from enclaved execution environments such as Intel SGX, Sancus, and TrustLite.
https://github.com/jovanbulck/nemesis

India’s controversial Aadhaar identity database software was hacked, ID database compromised.
The vulnerability could allow someone to circumvent security measures in the Aadhaar software, and create new entries.
https://www.huffingtonpost.in/2018/09/11/uidai-s-aadhaar-software-hacked-id-database-compromised-experts-confirm_a_23522472

Criminals are faking Google Analytics script to steal credential and stay under the radar.
https://gwillem.gitlab.io/2018/09/06/fake-google-analytics-malware/

The OpenSSL team released version 1.1.1. There are a lots of new features like TLS 1.3 support, side-channel hardening, new RNG, SHA3, Ed25519 support.
https://www.openssl.org/blog/blog/2018/09/11/release111/


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