Tag authentication

InfoSec Week 3, 2019

35-year-old vulnerability has been discovered in the SCP file transfer utility. According to the advisory impact section, "Malicious scp server can write arbitrary files to scp target directory, change the target directory permissions and to spoof the client output."
https://sintonen.fi/advisories/scp-client-multiple-vulnerabilities.txt

Multiple U.S. government websites SSL certificates have expired and some sites are inaccessible due to properly used HTTP Strict Transport Security.
There's nobody there to renew them due to a government shutdown.
https://news.netcraft.com/archives/2019/01/10/gov-security-falters-during-u-s-shutdown.html

Researchers found a new kind of Windows malware using encrypted messaging app Telegram to receive "encrypted" instructions. Nothing innovative with the malware sample, but what is really interesting is, that telegram messages are coupled with unique IDs and malware analysts from the Forcepoint Labs were able to retroactively scrape all the messages issued by the malware operator.
Not sure what kind of channel was used by the bot, but it looks really suspicious to be able to scrape old messages.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/01/17/decrypted-telegram-bot-windows-malware

The researchers at the CanSecWest Vancouver conference will be able to participate in the annual Pwn2Own challenge. This year also in car hacking as Tesla Model 3 will be available.
https://www.zerodayinitiative.com/blog/2019/1/14/pwn2own-vancouver-2019-tesla-vmware-microsoft-and-more

One of last surviving Navajo code talkers, Alfred Newman, has passed away at 94. Newman, with many others, developed during World War II an unbreakable code for military transmissions using the unwritten Navajo language.
https://eu.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona/2019/01/14/alfred-k-newman-among-last-navajo-code-talkers-has-died/2570535002/

Security researcher Troy Hunt updated his service Have I Been Pwn with 772,904,991 new email addresses and lots of passwords after finding 87GB of leaked passwords and email addresses by the MEGA cloud storage provider.
https://www.troyhunt.com/the-773-million-record-collection-1-data-reach/

There was a massive data breach at the Oklahoma Securities Commission with millions of files containing decades worth of confidential case file intelligence from the agency and sensitive FBI investigation source materials leaked.
https://www.newsweek.com/oklahoma-data-breach-may-expose-years-fbi-investigations-report-1293862

Hackers broke into an SEC database and made millions from inside info.
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/15/international-stock-trading-scheme-hacked-into-sec-database-justice-dept-says.html

Malicious former employee installed Raspberry Pi in the company network closet, but the Reddit crowd helped with the investigation.
https://blog.haschek.at/2018/the-curious-case-of-the-RasPi-in-our-network.html

Great blog post about the factors in authentication. The more factors to be used, the bigger headache from the enrollment procedures.
https://apenwarr.ca/log/20190114

Noise Protocol Framework Explorer created by Nadim Kobeissi now supports generating secure implementations in Go for any arbitrary Noise Handshake Pattern.
https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1085629955202011136

CERT Poland (CERT Polska) opens access to its malware database (MWDB).
https://www.cert.pl/en/news/single/mwdb-our-way-to-share-information-about-malicious-software/

InfoSec Week 24, 2018

Yet another high severity attack against the Intel CPUs. Unpatched systems can leak SIMD, FP register state between privilege levels. These registers are used for private keys nowadays.
The cost of a patch is more expensive context switches because the fix has to unload and reload all SIMD, FP state.
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00145.html

The team behind the CopperheadOS, hardened Google-free Android fork, has imploded. Guys, CEO and CTO (main and probably the only developer) are blaming each other.
https://twitter.com/DanielMicay/status/1006299769214562305

Chromium devs are planning to enforce TLS protocol invariants by rolling new TLS 1.3 versions every six weeks.
According to the developers: "Every six weeks, we would randomly pick a new code point. These versions will otherwise be identical to TLS 1.3, save maybe minor details to separate keys and exercise allowed syntax changes. The goal is to pave the way for future versions of TLS by simulating them (“draft negative one”)."
https://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/tls/current/msg26385.html

The Kromtech Security Center found 17 malicious docker images stored on Docker Hub for an entire year. With more than 5 million pulls, containers were primarily used to mine cryptocurrency.
https://kromtech.com/blog/security-center/cryptojacking-invades-cloud-how-modern-containerization-trend-is-exploited-by-attackers

At least 74 persons, mostly Nigerians, were arrested due to crimes related to the business e-mail compromise schemes.
https://garwarner.blogspot.com/2018/06/74-mostly-nigerians-arrested-in.html

Good summary of the existing inter-service authentication schemes. Bearer, hmac based tokens etc.
https://latacora.singles/2018/06/12/a-childs-garden.html

There is an Ancient "su - hostile" vulnerability in Debian 8 & 9. Doing "su - hostile" may lead to the root privilege escalation. Default sudo -u probably is affected too.
https://j.ludost.net/blog/archives/2018/06/13/ancient_su_-_hostile_vulnerability_in_debian_8_and_9/

There is a critical command injection vulnerability in the macaddress NPM package.
https://nodesecurity.io/advisories/654

Blog about the crafting remote code execution via server-side spreadsheet injection.
https://www.bishopfox.com/blog/2018/06/server-side-spreadsheet-injections/

An implementation flaw in multiple cryptographic libraries allows a side-channel based attacker to recover ECDSA or DSA private keys. Lots of libraries affected, like LibreSSL, Mozilla NSS, OpenSSL, etc.
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-return-of-the-hidden-number-problem/

InfoSec Week 16, 2018

Google disables domain fronting capability in their App Engine, which was used to evade censorship. What a fortunate timing.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/04/google-disables-domain-fronting-capability-used-to-evade-censors/

Bloomberg published article on how Palantir is using the War on Terror tools to track American citizens.
https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2018-palantir-peter-thiel/

Third-party javascript trackers are actively exfiltrating personal identifiers from websites which uses "login with Facebook" button and other such social login APIs.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2018/04/18/no-boundaries-for-facebook-data-third-party-trackers-abuse-facebook-login/

The U.S. and the UK blame Russia for a campaign of hacks into routers, switches and other connected infrastructure.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2018/04/16/russia-accused-of-hacking-network-infrastructure/

One of the people charged for the Reveton ransomware trojan was actually working as a Microsoft network engineer.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-engineer-charged-in-reveton-ransomware-case/

Intel processors now allow antivirus (mostly Microsoft right now) to Use built-in GPUs for in-memory malware scanning.
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2018/04/intel-microsoft-to-use-gpu-to-scan-memory-for-malware/

Avast shared CCleaner breach timeline. They were infiltrated via TeamViewer. More than 2.3 million users, 40 companies infected.
https://blog.avast.com/update-ccleaner-attackers-entered-via-teamviewer

Nice blog post about the quantum resistant hash-based signature schemes. No public key cryptography.
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2018/04/07/hash-based-signatures-an-illustrated-primer/

New Android P enables users to change default DNS server, it will also support DNS over TLS.
https://www.androidpolice.com/2018/04/14/google-explains-new-private-dns-setting-android-p/

There is a new web standard for authentication, designed to replace password login method with the public key cryptography and biometrics.
https://www.w3.org/TR/2018/CR-webauthn-20180320/

OpenSSL is vulnerable to a cache timing vulnerability in RSA Key Generation (CVE-2018-0737).
Could be theoretically exploited by some hypervisor, but they have decided not to release emergency fix.
https://mta.openssl.org/pipermail/openssl-announce/2018-April/000122.html

The Endgame has released Ember (Endgame Malware BEnchmark for Research), an open source collection of 1.1 million portable executable file metadata & derived features from the PE files, hashes and a benchmark model trained on those features.
https://github.com/endgameinc/ember