Google Project Zero published a blog about the FunctionSimSearch open-source library which is capable to find similar functions in the assembly.
They are using it to detect code statically-linked vulnerable library functions in executables.
London's police is testing facial recognition technology in central London this week. Feel free to get your face scanned and processed for the bright future.
Facebook gave Spotify and Netflix access to a users' private messages. Also shared user information with Microsoft, Amazon, Yahoo without explicit consent.
Researchers published results of an investigation into Russian election interference on behalf of the US Senate Intelligence Committee. They have analyzed data sets from Facebook, Twitter, Google.
Adam Langley wrote about their further Google Chrome TLS experiments with the post-quantum lattice based cryptography.
Matthew Green wrote his thoughts on GCHQ’s latest proposal for surveilling encrypted messaging and phone calls.
Tencent Blade Team discovered a remote code execution vulnerability in SQLite. It was already fixed in Chromium.
Good story about the investigation of the Chinese industrial espionage.
University of California, Berkeley researchers are building open-source secure enclave using RISC-V.
Well-known cypherpunk movement founder Timothy May passed away.
Microsoft introduced Windows Sandbox for applications.
Interesting paper on systematic parsing of X.509 certificates with strong termination guarantees: "Systematic Parsing of X.509: Eradicating Security Issues with a Parse Tree".
A Dive into Cypherlock, a tool that could prevent forced decryption.
Instant, re-usable, generic MD5 collisions over different file formats. https://github.com/corkami/pocs/blob/master/collisions/README.md
Yet another high severity attack against the Intel CPUs. Unpatched systems can leak SIMD, FP register state between privilege levels. These registers are used for private keys nowadays.
The cost of a patch is more expensive context switches because the fix has to unload and reload all SIMD, FP state.
The team behind the CopperheadOS, hardened Google-free Android fork, has imploded. Guys, CEO and CTO (main and probably the only developer) are blaming each other.
Chromium devs are planning to enforce TLS protocol invariants by rolling new TLS 1.3 versions every six weeks.
According to the developers: "Every six weeks, we would randomly pick a new code point. These versions will otherwise be identical to TLS 1.3, save maybe minor details to separate keys and exercise allowed syntax changes. The goal is to pave the way for future versions of TLS by simulating them (“draft negative one”)."
The Kromtech Security Center found 17 malicious docker images stored on Docker Hub for an entire year. With more than 5 million pulls, containers were primarily used to mine cryptocurrency.
At least 74 persons, mostly Nigerians, were arrested due to crimes related to the business e-mail compromise schemes.
Good summary of the existing inter-service authentication schemes. Bearer, hmac based tokens etc.
There is an Ancient "su - hostile" vulnerability in Debian 8 & 9. Doing "su - hostile" may lead to the root privilege escalation. Default sudo -u probably is
There is a critical command injection vulnerability in the macaddress NPM package.
Blog about the crafting remote code execution via server-side spreadsheet injection.
An implementation flaw in multiple cryptographic libraries allows a side-channel based attacker to recover ECDSA or DSA private keys. Lots of libraries affected, like LibreSSL, Mozilla NSS, OpenSSL, etc.
Google Pixel 2 devices implement insider attack resistance in the tamper-resistant hardware security module that guards the encryption keys for user data.
It is not possible to upgrade the firmware that checks the user's password unless you present the correct user password.
Avast Threat Labs analyzed malware pre-installed on a thousands of Android devices. More than 18000 users of Avast already had this adware in a device. Cheap smartphones are primarily affected.
Great blog post about the USB reverse engineering tools and practices by the Glenn 'devalias' Grant.
FBI advice router users to reboot devices in order to remove VPNFilter malware infecting 500k devices.
If you didn't hear about the recent arbitrary code execution vulnerability in git software (CVE 2018-11234, CVE 2018-11235), there is a high level summary on the Microsoft DevOps blog.
The white hat hacker received $25000 bug bounty for getting root access on all Shopify instances by leveraging Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) attack.
Attacking browsers by site-channel attacks using CSS3 features. The guys demonstrated how to deanonymize website visitors and more.
The Underhanded Crypto Contest for 2018 started, the topic has two categories: Backdooring messaging systems & Deceptive APIs. If you want to write some backdoor to the cryptographic implementation bud you do not harm anybody, this is a good opportunity.
Article about the new threat model and potential mitigations for the Chrome browser against the Spectre like vulnerabilities.
New article by the Intercept about the Google military drone AI contract. They want to make fortune on an image recognition.
Codechain - secure multiparty code reviews with signatures and hash chains.
According to the author, Codechain is not about making sure the code you execute is right, but making sure you execute the right code.
A buffer overflow vulnerability in older Starcraft version enabled modders to create new maps, so Blizzard tasked reverse engineer to safely emulate the bug in the newer, fixed version.
The author says it all: "This is a tale about what dedication to backward compatibility implies."
A bug in the Grammarly chrome extension (approx ~22M users) exposes user authentication token to all websites, so everybody collecting user data can access their cloud data at grammarly.com.
With the release of Google Chrome 68, Chrome will mark all HTTP sites as a “not secure” in the status bar.
Article about the Australian startup Azimuth Security which sells hacking software to the "Five Eyes" police and intelligence agencies.
Rumors are that they are able to remotely hack Android devices and iPhones.
SEC Consult researchers found multiple vulnerabilities in their smart sex toys security review. Customer database, clear passwords, vulnerable remote controllers...
Metasploit integrated EternalRomance, EternalSynergy, and EternalChampion Windows (MS17-010) vulnerabilities leaked from the NSA by Shadow Brokers.
Someone leaked the source code of Apples' iBoot iOS trusted boot program on GitHub. It is a critical part of iOS system. Meanwhile, Apple filed a copyright takedown request with GitHub.
Hackers infected water utility SCADA systems in Europe with the cryptocurrency mining software.
Security researchers discovered vulnerabilities in an automated gas management system that allowed them to hijack credit card payments, steal card numbers and more.
APT Simulator is a Windows Batch script that uses a set of tools and output files to make a system look as if it was the victim of an APT attack.
Researchers exploited antivirus software quarantine mechanism to gain privileges by manipulating the restore process from the virus quarantine. By abusing NTFS directory junctions, the AV quarantine restore process can be manipulated, so that previously quarantined files can be written to arbitrary file system locations.
Wikileaks released source code of leaked CIA hacking tools and it indicates that the CIA used fake certificates attributed to Kaspersky Labs for signing their malware.
A security researcher has discovered factory application in OnePlus devices. It can be used to gain root privileges, dump photos, collect WiFi & GPS information.
Researchers from the Princeton university have been studying third-party trackers that record sensitive personal data that users type into websites, and the results are not good.
iPhone X's Face ID facial recognition security mechanism system was circumvented by Vietnam experts using a 3D mask.
Security researcher Maxim Goryachy reports being able to execute unsigned code on computers running the Intel Management Engine through USB.
Deep dive into the Facebook sextorcism scheme using fake young girls profiles by the guys from Marseille.
Long read about how the security breaches by the Shadow Brokers damaged the US National Security Agency.
Analysis of a low cost Chinese GSM listening and location device hidden inside the plug of a standard USB data/charging cable.
Privacy Pass is a browser extension for Chrome and Firefox, which uses privacy-preserving cryptography to allow users to authenticate to the services without compromising their anonymity. It uses blind signature schemes.
Researchers from the Masaryk University finally published full paper of the practical cryptographic attack against the implementation of RSA in the widely used trusted platform modules / crypto tokens.
"The Return of Coppersmith’s Attack: Practical Factorization of Widely Used RSA Moduli" https://crocs.fi.muni.cz/_media/public/papers/nemec_roca_ccs17_preprint.pdf
Those guys published an interesting paper about the secure cryptographic computation with the threat model without attackers based on Earth. They are proposing SpaceHSM hardware secure devices on the orbit.
"SpaceTEE: Secure and Tamper-Proof Computing in Space using CubeSats"
There is a small chance that the documents encrypted by Bad Rabbit ransomware could be recovered without paying ransom, if the shadow copies had been enabled in the Windows prior to infection. Victims can restore the original versions of the encrypted files using standard Windows backup mechanism.
For technical analysis of the Bad Rabbit ransomware, see the second link.
Google is going to deprecate the use of pinned public key certificates, public key pinning (PKP), from the Google Chrome browser.
The British government has publicly attributed North Korean government hackers as a source behind the "WannaCry" malware epidemy.
Multiple remote execution vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-13089, CVE-2017-13090) were patched in the popular software Wget. Update!
The source code of an AhMyth Android remote administration tool is available on GitHub. It can steal contact information, turn on camera, microphone, read SMS, and more.
Malscan is a robust and fully featured scanning platform for Linux servers built upon the ClamAV platform, providing all of the features of Clamscan with a host of new features and detection modes.
There is an update for the world's fastest and most advanced password recovery utility Hashcat.
The ZNIU Android malware is exploiting Linux kernel "Dirty COW" vulnerability to install itself on a device and collect money through the SMS-enabled payment service.
Good introduction blog into the art of binary fuzzing and crash analysis demonstrated by fuzzing famous open-source Mimikatz software.
Security researcher Inti De Ceukelaire has gained access to company team pages by exploiting faulty business logic in popular third-party on-line helpdesks.
Server part of the Wire end-to-end encrypted instant messenger application is now open-source, but there are lots of external dependencies and no documentation yet.
A brief description behind the technology of a private contact discovery used in Signal messenger.
X41 IT Security company has released an in-depth analysis of the three leading enterprise web browsers Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Internet Explorer.
A nice list of a various open-source honeypot projects available on-line.
SigThief - The script that will rip a signature off a signed PE file and append it to another one, fixing up the certificate table to sign the file. It's not a valid signature BUT it's enough for some anti-viruses to flag the executable as trustworthy.
MalwareMustDie analyzed new APT Campaign with the Poison Ivy RAT payload. Malware is using obfuscated VBScript, Power Shell to finally drop well known RAT.
"The concept of infection is fileless, it's avoiding known signature for detection by multiple encodings and wraps, and it is also 100% avoiding the original attacker's working territory."
Fake Chrome browser app named "Betaling - Google Chrome.exe" is spreading, mainly in the Netherlands. The application mimics basic browser functionality in order to steal user credit card information.
Conspiracy theory is circulating around the car crash and the death of a journalist Michael Hastings. According to the San Diego 6 News, Hastings had been investigating CIA Director John Brennan. He had also contacted WikiLeaks lawyer Jennifer Robinson just a few hours before he died, confirming that feds investigating his work. Was his vehicle remotely hijacked?
Trend Micro has uncovered the MajikPOS, new point-of-sale (PoS) malware with RAT functionality. MajikPOS targets mainly businesses in the North America and Canada. It's spreading via poorly secured VNC, RDP protocols.
Avast malware researcher Jakub Kroustek discovered the Kirk Ransomware - new Star Trek themed ransomware written in Python, probably the first one which uses Monero as the ransom payment of choice.
Researchers at the Pwn2Own competition exploited Microsoft Edge browser in a way that escapes a VMware Workstation virtual machine it runs on.
Three different exploits in a row.
Very interesting article about the history of US information warfare.
"The United States was birthed in a stew of information, misinformation, disinformation, and propaganda projected by competing entities both internally and externally. Thus, instead of looking at the apparent success of Russian intelligence in the recent election as the perfected form of information warfare, it is worth considering colonial and revolutionary America to appreciate the historical precedent and perspective"
Intel Security has released a CHIPSEC security framework able to evaluate whether the system firmware is modified.
Intel also launched its first-ever bug bounty program.
A new malware called MacDownloader, attributed to the Iran, targeting macOS systems spotted in the wild. Spreading as an Adobe Flash installer or a Bitdefender Adware Removal Tool, depend on social engineering. After installation, it attempts to exfiltrate OS X keychain database as well as the other system information.
Google Project Zero investigated inner-working of Real-Time Kernel Protection (RKP) used by Samsung KNOX using a fully updated Galaxy S7 Edge. They have presented multiple vulnerabilities which allow them to subvert each of RKP’s security mechanisms.
A former National Security Agency contractor Harold T. Martin III is accused of carrying out theft of 50 terabytes of classified information.
"The indictment against Harold T. Martin III is expected to contain charges of violating the Espionage Act by "willfully" retaining information that relates to the national defense, including classified data such as NSA hacking tools and operational plans against "a known enemy" of the United States, according to individuals familiar with the case."
Google Chrome 56 lets websites connect to Bluetooth devices and harvest information from them through the browser. Summary of the Web Bluetooth API security model written by Chrome team's Jeffrey Yasskin can be found on Medium.
Doctor Web detects new Mirai trojan fork able to use Windows machines when scanning the internet for the other targets.
CRYSIS ransomware family is targeting a US healthcare sector via remote desktop (RDP) brute force attacks.
A new ransomware known as "Serpent" is targeting Danish recipients using emails linking to malicious Microsoft Office documents.
Multiple proponents of Mexico’s 2014 soda tax aimed at reducing consumption of sugary drinks in Mexico were targeted by spyware.
The malicious program is developed by an Israeli cyberarms dealer NSO Group.
Keybase introduced an end-to-end crypto app for secure interactive messaging which works with already established 3rd party accounts.
Interesting solution to the key exchange problem, other solutions usually use a Trust On First Use (TOFU). Just to note, only "exploding" messages have forward secrecy.
Wire’s encrypted messaging protocol got audited. Kudelski Security and X41 D-Sec found it to have "high security, thanks to state-of-the-art cryptographic protocols and algorithms, and software engineering practices mitigating the risk of software bugs."
A great story about the Russian "research" company which reverse engineered older slot machines in order to predict the output. And they are cashing in on it...
Trustwave released the Carbanak gang campaign threat report called "Operation Grand Mars". The paper explains the modus operandi of the Carbanak group, malware distribution techniques, attack vectors. The interesting point is that the group uses Google Apps, Sheets and Forms as a part of their Command & Control infrastructure. But Trustware is not the only one reporting about this.
After unsecured MongoDB, cyber-criminals have taken control of and wiped the data from CouchDB and Hadoop databases as well.
Xylitol malware researcher discovered new Ransomware as a Service platform named Satan. Satan admin page is a Tor hidden service accepting Bitcoins. The administration panel also contains Droppers section, where the affiliates can create malicious Microsoft Word macros or CHM installers.
Blog post about the Ursnif banking trojan recent email campaign. It pretends to be DHL package notification email.
Proofpoint researchers discovered infection technique which is trying to trick users into downloading a font update package - malware - for their browser.
Members of the Hamas Palestinian militant group have posed as women and tricked Israeli soldiers into installing malware on their phones.
Brian Krebs links young man named Paras Jha, owner of a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack mitigation company ProTraf Solutions, to the Anna-Senpai pseudonym, creator and admin of the Mirai IoT worm.
Iranian OilRig malware is using digitally signed malware and fake University of Oxford domains targeting government agencies, financial institutions and technology companies in Saudi Arabia, Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, Kuwait and Qatar, the United States, and Turkey.