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InfoSec Week 48, 2018

Sennheiser's HeadSetup software is installing a root certificate into the OS Trusted CA Certificate store.
They have also put a private key on a device, the same one for all users, which allows any user to perform a man-in-the-middle SSL attacks against SSL communication.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/sennheiser-headset-software-could-allow-man-in-the-middle-ssl-attacks/

German chat platform Knuddels.de (Cuddles) has been fined 20k€ for storing user passwords in plain text.
What is interesting is that the regional GDPR data watchdog wanted to avoid bankrupting the company. "The overall financial burden on the company was taken into account in addition to other circumstances".
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/11/23/knuddels_fined_for_plain_text_passwords/

Crooks are using new attack vector to spread malware, they are requesting maintainer access to a widely-used open source projects on github, then pushing compromised version to millions of people.
https://github.com/dominictarr/event-stream/issues/116

Two international cybercriminal Rings dismantled and eight defendants indicted for causing tens of millions of dollars in losses in the digital advertising fraud.
They have produced Boaxxe/Miuref & Kovter malware.
https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA18-331A

Cisco Talos has discovered DNSpionage malware targeting governments and companies in the Middle East using phishing attack.
https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/11/dnspionage-campaign-targets-middle-east.html

The U.S. Treasury Department has sanctioned two Iranians allegedly involved in Bitcoin ransomware scheme SamSam.
They have basically put Bitcoin addresses on the Office of Foreign Assets Control’s (OFAC) sanctions list.
https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm556

Scammers are changing the contact details for banks on Google Maps.
http://blog.abhijittomar.com/2018/10/19/google-business-claim-scam/

Almost all VPN browser extensions are in fact just a proxy and are vulnerable to a different level of IP leaks and DNS leaks.
https://blog.innerht.ml/vpn-extensions-are-not-for-privacy/

Google, Mozilla are working on letting web apps edit local user files despite warning it could be really dangerous.
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/google-mozilla-working-on-letting-web-apps-edit-files-despite-warning-it-could-be-abused-in-terrible/

The German Federal Office for Information Security, BSI, publishes Microsoft Windows 10 telemetry analysis.
https://www.ghacks.net/2018/11/23/german-federal-office-bsi-publishes-telemetry-analysis/

BlackBerry purchased Cylance, the machine-learning based anti-malware company for $1.4 billion dollars.
They plans to integrate Cylance's anti-malware solution into the BlackBerry Spark platform.
https://www.csoonline.com/article/3321746/security/blackberrys-acquisition-of-cylance-raises-eyebrows-in-the-security-community.html

The Sequoia team introduced the first release of a new Rust implementation of the OpenPGP licensed under GPL 3.0.
https://sequoia-pgp.org/blog/2018/11/26/initial-release/

InfoSec Week 27, 2018

Samsung Galaxy S9 and S9+ devices, maybe others, are texting camera photos to random contacts through the Samsung Messages app without user permission.
https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2018/7/2/17528076/samsung-phones-text-rcs-update-messages

Gentoo Linux distribution GitHub repository was compromised. Attacker removed out all the maintainers, who realized the intrusion only 10 minutes after he gained access. He add rm -rf /* to build scripts, changed README and some minor things.
https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Github/2018-06-28

Since January 2017, Stylish browser extension has been augmented with spyware that records every single website that its 2 million other users visit, then sends complete browsing activity back to its servers, together with a unique identifier.
https://robertheaton.com/2018/07/02/stylish-browser-extension-steals-your-internet-history/

Digicert Withdraws from the CA Security Council (CASC), because they "feel that CASC is not sufficiently transparent and does not represent the diversity of the modern Certificate Authority (CA) industry. Improving the ecosystem requires broad participation from all interested stakeholders, and many are being excluded unnecessarily."
Great step Digicert!
https://www.digicert.com/blog/notice-of-withdrawal-from-the-ca-security-council/

CryptoCurrency Clipboard Hijacker malware discovered by Bleeping Computer monitors for more than 2.3 million Bitcoin addresses, then replace them in memory, with the attacker address.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/clipboard-hijacker-malware-monitors-23-million-bitcoin-addresses/

Local root jailbreak, authorization bypass & privilege escalation vulnerabilities in all ADB broadband routers, gateways and modems. The patch is already available.
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/blog/advisories/local-root-jailbreak-via-network-file-sharing-flaw-in-all-adb-broadband-gateways-routers/

A Microsoft Security division published an analysis of the malware sample which exploited the Adobe Reader software and the Windows operating system using two zero-day exploits in a single PDF file.
https://cloudblogs.microsoft.com/microsoftsecure/2018/07/02/taking-apart-a-double-zero-day-sample-discovered-in-joint-hunt-with-eset/

Blog about why it is not helpful to use the Canvas Defender extension, a browser canvas fingerprinting countermeasure.
https://antoinevastel.com/tracking/2018/07/01/eval-canvasdef.html

Blog about the cryptographic primitives used by the North Korean Red Star operating system. The OS is mostly uses AES-256 Rijndael with dynamic S-Box modifications, but the design is evolving and the latest version of the algorithm has more differences.
https://blog.kryptoslogic.com/crypto/2018/07/03/pyongyang.html

Interesting technique how to bypass web-application firewalls by abusing SSL/TLS. An attacker can use an unsupported SSL cipher to initialize the connection to the webserver which supports that cipher, but the WAF would not be able to identify the attack because it can't view the data.
https://0x09al.github.io/waf/bypass/ssl/2018/07/02/web-application-firewall-bypass.html

Good introduction to the Linux ELF file format with some practical examples how sections look like, how to shrink the size during compilation and more.
https://0x00sec.org/t/dissecting-and-exploiting-elf-files/7267

InfoSec Week 6, 2018

A buffer overflow vulnerability in older Starcraft version enabled modders to create new maps, so Blizzard tasked reverse engineer to safely emulate the bug in the newer, fixed version.
The author says it all: "This is a tale about what dedication to backward compatibility implies."
https://plus.google.com/+MartinSeeger/posts/HYmY8gPCYJT

A bug in the Grammarly chrome extension (approx ~22M users) exposes user authentication token to all websites, so everybody collecting user data can access their cloud data at grammarly.com.
https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1527&desc=2

With the release of Google Chrome 68, Chrome will mark all HTTP sites as a “not secure” in the status bar.
https://security.googleblog.com/2018/02/a-secure-web-is-here-to-stay.html

Article about the Australian startup Azimuth Security which sells hacking software to the "Five Eyes" police and intelligence agencies.
Rumors are that they are able to remotely hack Android devices and iPhones.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/8xdayg/iphone-zero-days-inside-azimuth-security

SEC Consult researchers found multiple vulnerabilities in their smart sex toys security review. Customer database, clear passwords, vulnerable remote controllers...
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2018/Feb/0

Metasploit integrated EternalRomance, EternalSynergy, and EternalChampion Windows (MS17-010) vulnerabilities leaked from the NSA by Shadow Brokers.
https://blog.rapid7.com/2018/02/02/metasploit-wrapup-26/

Someone leaked the source code of Apples' iBoot iOS trusted boot program on GitHub. It is a critical part of iOS system. Meanwhile, Apple filed a copyright takedown request with GitHub.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/a34g9j/iphone-source-code-iboot-ios-leak

Hackers infected water utility SCADA systems in Europe with the cryptocurrency mining software.
http://www.eweek.com/security/water-utility-in-europe-hit-by-cryptocurrency-malware-mining-attack

Security researchers discovered vulnerabilities in an automated gas management system that allowed them to hijack credit card payments, steal card numbers and more.
https://www.scmagazine.com/gas-pump-vulnerabilities-in-widespread-software-grant-low-prices-and-credit-card-data/article/741764/

APT Simulator is a Windows Batch script that uses a set of tools and output files to make a system look as if it was the victim of an APT attack.
https://github.com/NextronSystems/APTSimulator