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InfoSec Week 28, 2018

Hackers have poisoned the Arch Linux PDF reader package named “acroread” that was found in a user-provided Arch User Repository (AUR). They have put downloader malware inside.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/malware-found-in-arch-linux-aur-package-repository/

Hackers took over the maintainer account of the eslint-scope and eslint-config-eslint npm packages and published malicious versions which were downloading some juicy scripts from the pastebin.com. https://eslint.org/blog/2018/07/postmortem-for-malicious-package-publishes

Backend of the TimeHop iOS application was compromised, personal records of the 21 million customers leaked.
https://www.timehop.com/security/technical

Nice journalism about how few researchers found the names and addresses of soldiers and secret agents using Strava fitness application when the company published tracking maps on the internet.
https://decorrespondent.nl/8481/heres-how-we-found-the-names-and-addresses-of-soldiers-and-secret-agents-using-a-simple-fitness-app

Lexington Insurance Company and Beazley Insurance Company are suing Trustwave over a 2009 breach. Trustwave supposedly failed to detect malware that caused a breach.
This will be huge precedent in the whole industry.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/security-firm-sued-for-failing-to-detect-malware-that-caused-a-2009-breach/

One email to a North American Network Operators mailing list led to a concerted effort to kick a notorious BGP hijacking factory off the Internet.
https://blog.apnic.net/2018/07/12/shutting-down-the-bgp-hijack-factory/

It looks like that the Carbanak banking malware source code was leaked.
https://malware-research.org/carbanak-source-code-leaked/

Researchers found spying malware signed using digital certificates stolen from D-Link and other Taiwanese tech-companies.
https://thehackernews.com/2018/07/digital-certificate-malware.html

InfoSec Week 23, 2018

Australian government drafts new laws, that will force technology giants like Facebook, Google to give government agencies access to encrypted data.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jun/06/planned-laws-to-force-tech-firms-to-reveal-encrypted-data

A security researcher at Telspace Systems, Dmitri Kaslov, discovered a vulnerability in the Microsoft Windows JScript component, that can be exploited by an attacker to execute malicious code on a target computer.
https://www.zerodayinitiative.com/advisories/ZDI-18-534/

IBM X-Force Research has uncovered a new Brazilian, Delphi-based MnuBot malware active in the wild. It downloads it's functionality during the execution dynamically from the remote C&C server, so its functionality can be upgraded on the fly.
https://securityintelligence.com/new-banking-trojan-mnubot-discovered-by-ibm-x-force-research/

The US Department of Homeland Security and FBI issues alert over two new malware, Joanap remote access tool and Brambul SMB worm, linked to the Hidden Cobra hacker group.
https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA18-149A

A Toronto-based investment firm alleges that a rival company hired the Israeli companies tied to state intelligence agencies, to help sway a business dispute over a 2014 bid for a telecommunications company.
https://www.calcalistech.com/ctech/articles/0,7340,L-3739390,00.html

Google announced a project Capillary: End-to-end encryption for push messaging in Android. It should be available backward to API level 19 - KitKat.
https://android-developers.googleblog.com/2018/06/project-capillary-end-to-end-encryption.html

Engineers from the University of Toronto have built a filter that slightly alters photos of people’s faces to keep facial recognition software from realizing what it's looking at. https://joeybose.github.io/assets/adversarial-attacks-face.pdf

Research paper about the business model of a botnet operation, even with a business model canvas!
https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.10848

New research takes on the problem of habituation to security warnings. They have used eye tracking and fMRI data to find out how people react to the security warnings in the software.
https://neurosecurity.byu.edu/misq-longitudinal-2018/

A new paper by Bonnetain and Schrottenloher giving improved quantum attack on a newly proposed Commutative Supersingular Isogeny Diffie–Hellman (CSIDH) key exchange. According to the paper, they show, that the 128-bit classical, 64-bit quantum security parameters proposed actually offer at most 37 bits of quantum security.
https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/537

InfoSec Week 22, 2018

Google Pixel 2 devices implement insider attack resistance in the tamper-resistant hardware security module that guards the encryption keys for user data.
It is not possible to upgrade the firmware that checks the user's password unless you present the correct user password.
https://android-developers.googleblog.com/2018/05/insider-attack-resistance.html

Avast Threat Labs analyzed malware pre-installed on a thousands of Android devices. More than 18000 users of Avast already had this adware in a device. Cheap smartphones are primarily affected.
https://blog.avast.com/android-devices-ship-with-pre-installed-malware

Great blog post about the USB reverse engineering tools and practices by the Glenn 'devalias' Grant.
http://devalias.net/devalias/2018/05/13/usb-reverse-engineering-down-the-rabbit-hole/

FBI advice router users to reboot devices in order to remove VPNFilter malware infecting 500k devices.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/05/fbi-tells-router-users-to-reboot-now-to-kill-malware-infecting-500k-devices/

If you didn't hear about the recent arbitrary code execution vulnerability in git software (CVE 2018-11234, CVE 2018-11235), there is a high level summary on the Microsoft DevOps blog.
https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/devops/2018/05/29/announcing-the-may-2018-git-security-vulnerability/

The white hat hacker received $25000 bug bounty for getting root access on all Shopify instances by leveraging Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) attack.
https://hackerone.com/reports/341876

Attacking browsers by site-channel attacks using CSS3 features. The guys demonstrated how to deanonymize website visitors and more.
https://www.evonide.com/side-channel-attacking-browsers-through-css3-features/

The Underhanded Crypto Contest for 2018 started, the topic has two categories: Backdooring messaging systems & Deceptive APIs. If you want to write some backdoor to the cryptographic implementation bud you do not harm anybody, this is a good opportunity.
https://underhandedcrypto.com/2018/05/27/rules-for-the-2018-underhanded-crypto-contest/

Article about the new threat model and potential mitigations for the Chrome browser against the Spectre like vulnerabilities.
https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/+/master/docs/security/side-channel-threat-model.md

New article by the Intercept about the Google military drone AI contract. They want to make fortune on an image recognition.
https://theintercept.com/2018/05/31/google-leaked-emails-drone-ai-pentagon-lucrative/

Codechain - secure multiparty code reviews with signatures and hash chains.
According to the author, Codechain is not about making sure the code you execute is right, but making sure you execute the right code.
https://github.com/frankbraun/codechain

InfoSec Week 16, 2018

Google disables domain fronting capability in their App Engine, which was used to evade censorship. What a fortunate timing.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2018/04/google-disables-domain-fronting-capability-used-to-evade-censors/

Bloomberg published article on how Palantir is using the War on Terror tools to track American citizens.
https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2018-palantir-peter-thiel/

Third-party javascript trackers are actively exfiltrating personal identifiers from websites which uses "login with Facebook" button and other such social login APIs.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2018/04/18/no-boundaries-for-facebook-data-third-party-trackers-abuse-facebook-login/

The U.S. and the UK blame Russia for a campaign of hacks into routers, switches and other connected infrastructure.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2018/04/16/russia-accused-of-hacking-network-infrastructure/

One of the people charged for the Reveton ransomware trojan was actually working as a Microsoft network engineer.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-engineer-charged-in-reveton-ransomware-case/

Intel processors now allow antivirus (mostly Microsoft right now) to Use built-in GPUs for in-memory malware scanning.
https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2018/04/intel-microsoft-to-use-gpu-to-scan-memory-for-malware/

Avast shared CCleaner breach timeline. They were infiltrated via TeamViewer. More than 2.3 million users, 40 companies infected.
https://blog.avast.com/update-ccleaner-attackers-entered-via-teamviewer

Nice blog post about the quantum resistant hash-based signature schemes. No public key cryptography.
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2018/04/07/hash-based-signatures-an-illustrated-primer/

New Android P enables users to change default DNS server, it will also support DNS over TLS.
https://www.androidpolice.com/2018/04/14/google-explains-new-private-dns-setting-android-p/

There is a new web standard for authentication, designed to replace password login method with the public key cryptography and biometrics.
https://www.w3.org/TR/2018/CR-webauthn-20180320/

OpenSSL is vulnerable to a cache timing vulnerability in RSA Key Generation (CVE-2018-0737).
Could be theoretically exploited by some hypervisor, but they have decided not to release emergency fix.
https://mta.openssl.org/pipermail/openssl-announce/2018-April/000122.html

The Endgame has released Ember (Endgame Malware BEnchmark for Research), an open source collection of 1.1 million portable executable file metadata & derived features from the PE files, hashes and a benchmark model trained on those features.
https://github.com/endgameinc/ember

InfoSec Week 11, 2018

A cyberattack on a Saudi Arabian petrochemical company was probably planed with the physical explosion in mind. They have attributed Iran, and didn't mention Stuxnet at all, so a little bit one-sided view of this cyberwarfare exchange.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/15/technology/saudi-arabia-hacks-cyberattacks.html

There is a critical vulnerability in Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) that affects all versions of Windows. Due to cryptographic flaw, man-in-the-middle attack could allow remote procedure calls attack and data exfiltration against the RDP and WinRM.
https://thehackernews.com/2018/03/credssp-rdp-exploit.html

A vulnerability (CVE-2018-1057) in Samba allows authenticated users to change other users' password.
https://www.samba.org/samba/security/CVE-2018-1057.html

Kubernetes vulnerability (CVE-2017-1002101) allows containers using subpath volume mounts with any volume type to access files/directories outside of the volume, including the host’s filesystem. Updated version is already available.
https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!topic/kubernetes-announce/6sNHO_jyBzE

Quite good exchange on the encryption policy and the government backdoor proposals between the US National Academy of Sciences and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Relevant for all democratic regimes.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/03/two_new_papers_.html

Kaspersky has discovered PlugX remote access tool (RAT) malware installed across the pharmaceutical organizations in Vietnam, aimed at stealing drug formulas and business information.
https://usa.kaspersky.com/about/press-releases/2018_chinese-speaking-apt-actor-caught-spying-on-pharmaceutical-organizations

Encrypted Email Service provider ProtonMail is being blocked by internet service providers in Turkey.
https://protonmail.com/blog/turkey-online-censorship-bypass/

CTS-Labs security researchers has published a whitepaper identifying four classes of potential vulnerabilities of the Ryzen, EPYC, Ryzen Pro, and Ryzen Mobile processor lines.
https://www.anandtech.com/show/12525/security-researchers-publish-ryzen-flaws-gave-amd-24-hours-to-respond

Adam Langley's blog post about the inability of the TLS 1.3 to snoop on proxy traffic.
https://www.imperialviolet.org/2018/03/10/tls13.html

Hacker Adrian Lamo dies at 37. He was known for his involvement in passing information on whistleblower Chelsea Manning, a former US Army soldier who leaked sensitive information to the WikiLeaks.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/adrian-lamo-hacker-dies/

To find assault suspect, police in the Raleigh, North Carolina used search warrants to demand Google accounts not of specific suspects, but from any mobile devices that veered too close to the scene of a crime in specific time.
http://www.wral.com/to-find-suspects-police-quietly-turn-to-google/17377435/

Kaspersky releases Klara, a distributed system written in Python, designed to help threat intelligence researchers hunt for new malware using Yara rules.
https://github.com/KasperskyLab/klara/

Nice paper about the simple manual cipher that should be resistant against the modern cryptanalysis.
LC4: A Low-Tech Authenticated Cipher for Human-To-Human Communication https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/339

InfoSec Week 10, 2018

Google is contracted by the US Defense Department to apply its artificial intelligence solutions to drone strike targeting.
https://theintercept.com/2018/03/06/google-is-quietly-providing-ai-technology-for-drone-strike-targeting-project/

PacketLogic Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) devices manufactured by Sandvine are being used to deploy government spyware in Turkey and Syria, and redirect Egyptian Users to affiliate advertising networks and browser cryptocurrency miners.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/03/bad-traffic-sandvines-packetlogic-devices-deploy-government-spyware-turkey-syria/

The researchers from Purdue University and the University of Iowa have discovered new attacks against the 4G LTE wireless data communications technology for mobile devices. The attack an be used to for impersonating existing users, device location spoofing, fake emergency and warning message delivery, eavesdropping on SMS communications, and more.
https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2018/03/05/lte-attacks/

Blog about the irresponsible handling of the sensitive data by airlines on-line booking system.
https://medium.freecodecamp.org/how-airlines-dont-care-about-your-privacy-case-study-emirates-com-6271b3b8474b

Wire messenger application passed an extensive application level security audit by X41 D-Sec and Kudelski Security. No critical vulnerabilities were found in the iOS, Android or the web part.
https://www.x41-dsec.de/security/report/2018/03/06/projects-x41-wire-phase2/

With the older firmware, it was possible to extract private keys from the cryptocurrency Ledger Nano hardware wallet.
https://twitter.com/i/web/status/970977060134023168

password_pwncheck is an enterprise Kerberos, Windows AD and Linux PAM password quality checking tool. It is able to check against breached lists like Have I Been Pwned and others.
https://github.com/CboeSecurity/password_pwncheck

The Harpoon is a command line tool to automate threat intelligence and open source intelligence tasks.
https://github.com/Te-k/harpoon

InfoSec Week 2, 2018

New research has found a flaw in a group messaging part of a Signal protocol used by Signal, WhatsApp and Threema. It’s hardly exploitable, but the server (attacker) could be, in some theoretical scenario, able to silently join an encrypted group chat.
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2018/01/10/attack-of-the-week-group-messaging-in-whatsapp-and-signal/

Janit0r, author of the mass internet scanning campaign known as Internet Chemotherapy, released two more blogs about the campaign. Interesting.
http://depastedihrn3jtw.onion.link/show.php?md5=ee7136ac48fa59fba803b9fbcbc6d7b9
http://depastedihrn3jtw.onion.link/show.php?md5=7e7bfe406315f120d8ed325ffb87670b

A tale about the npm package which crawled user entered credit card information from the websites. It is a work of fiction, but published few hours after dozens of npm packages stopped working due to missing dependencies... Scary.
https://hackernoon.com/im-harvesting-credit-card-numbers-and-passwords-from-your-site-here-s-how-9a8cb347c5b5

HC7 Planetary Ransomware is probably the first known ransomware asking for Ethereum as a ransom payment. It's for Windows users only.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/hc7-planetary-ransomware-may-be-the-first-to-accept-ethereum/

There is a hardwired network backdoor in the Western Digital MyCloud drives (user: mydlinkBRionyg, password: abc12345cba). Vendor probably patched it six months after reported.
http://gulftech.org/advisories/WDMyCloud%20Multiple%20Vulnerabilities/125
https://twitter.com/dragosr/status/949822668563365889

Wi-Fi Protected Access III - WPA3 will be forced on a marked this year. Hopefully a lot of security enhancements to wi-fi protocol will be delivered by the WPA3-certified devices.
https://www.wi-fi.org/news-events/newsroom/wi-fi-alliance-introduces-security-enhancements

Let's Encrypt certification authority has temporarily disabled TLS-SNI-01 authorization challenge due to reported exploitation technique possible on a shared hosting infrastructure.
https://community.letsencrypt.org/t/2018-01-09-issue-with-tls-sni-01-and-shared-hosting-infrastructure/49996

Google Cloud security engineers reported remote code execution vulnerability in the AMD Platform Security Processor.
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2018/Jan/12

Brian Krebs wrote a blog about the flourishing online markets with the stolen credentials.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2017/12/the-market-for-stolen-account-credentials/

VirusTotal has a new feature, a visualization tool for the relationship between files, URLs, domains and IP addresses.
http://blog.virustotal.com/2018/01/virustotal-graph.html

A Meltdown vulnerability proof of concept for reading passwords out of Google Chrome browser.
https://github.com/RealJTG/Meltdown

InfoSec Week 49, 2017

The "Janus" Android vulnerability (CVE-2017-13156) allows attackers to modify the code in applications without affecting their signatures. The root of the problem is that a file can be a valid APK file and a valid DEX file at the same time. The vulnerability allows attackers to inject malware into legitimate application and avoiding detection.
https://www.guardsquare.com/en/blog/new-android-vulnerability-allows-attackers-modify-apps-without-affecting-their-signatures

According to the research by Hanno Böck, Juraj Somorovsky and Craig Young, the Bleichenbacher’s attack on RSA PKCS#1v1.5 encryption still works on almost 3% of the Alexa top million most visited websites. The researchers were even able to sign a message using Facebook’s private TLS key. Vendors like Citrix, F5, Cisco, and multiple SSL implementations are affected.
https://robotattack.org/

HP had a keylogger in the Touchpad driver, which was disabled by default, but could be enabled by setting a registry value.
https://zwclose.github.io/HP-keylogger/

There is a remote root code execution flaw (CVE-2017-15944) in the Palo Alto Networks firewalls.
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2017/Dec/38

Researchers from the Group-IB spotted the operations of a Russian-speaking MoneyTaker group that stole as much as $10 million from US and Russian banks.
https://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/66591/cyber-crime/moneytaker-group.html

Recorded Future analyzed costs of various cybercriminal services sold on the dark market.
https://www.recordedfuture.com/cyber-operations-cost/

Internet traffic for organizations such as Google, Apple, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitch were briefly rerouted to Russia.
https://bgpmon.net/popular-destinations-rerouted-to-russia/

Microsoft started rolling out an update for Malware Protection Engine to fix a remotely exploitable bug discovered by the British intelligence agency.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-fixes-malware-protection-engine-bug-discovered-by-british-intelligence/

Avast open-sources RetDec machine-code decompiler for platform-independent analysis of executable files. It's based on LLVM.
https://blog.avast.com/avast-open-sources-its-machine-code-decompiler

Wireless network sniffer Kismet now supports the DJI DroneID UAV telemetry extensions.
http://blog.kismetwireless.net/2017/11/dji-uav-drone-id.html

Wazuh - Wazuh helps you to gain deeper security visibility into your infrastructure by monitoring hosts at an operating system and application level.
It supports log management and analysis, integrity monitoring, anomaly detection and compliance monitoring.
https://github.com/wazuh/wazuh

Wifiphisher is an automated victim-customized phishing attacks against Wi-Fi clients.
https://github.com/wifiphisher/wifiphisher

InfoSec Week 43, 2017

Researchers from the Masaryk University finally published full paper of the practical cryptographic attack against the implementation of RSA in the widely used trusted platform modules / crypto tokens.
"The Return of Coppersmith’s A‚ttack: Practical Factorization of Widely Used RSA Moduli" https://crocs.fi.muni.cz/_media/public/papers/nemec_roca_ccs17_preprint.pdf

Those guys published an interesting paper about the secure cryptographic computation with the threat model without attackers based on Earth. They are proposing SpaceHSM hardware secure devices on the orbit.
"SpaceTEE: Secure and Tamper-Proof Computing in Space using CubeSats"
https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.01430

There is a small chance that the documents encrypted by Bad Rabbit ransomware could be recovered without paying ransom, if the shadow copies had been enabled in the Windows prior to infection. Victims can restore the original versions of the encrypted files using standard Windows backup mechanism.
For technical analysis of the Bad Rabbit ransomware, see the second link.
https://securelist.com/bad-rabbit-ransomware/82851/
https://www.endgame.com/blog/technical-blog/badrabbit-technical-analysis

Google is going to deprecate the use of pinned public key certificates, public key pinning (PKP), from the Google Chrome browser.
https://groups.google.com/a/chromium.org/forum/#!msg/blink-dev/he9tr7p3rZ8/eNMwKPmUBAAJ

The British government has publicly attributed North Korean government hackers as a source behind the "WannaCry" malware epidemy.
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/wannacry-malware-hack-nhs-report-cybercrime-north-korea-uk-ben-wallace-a8022491.html

Multiple remote execution vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-13089, CVE-2017-13090) were patched in the popular software Wget. Update!
https://www.viestintavirasto.fi/en/cybersecurity/vulnerabilities/2017/haavoittuvuus-2017-037.html

The source code of an AhMyth Android remote administration tool is available on GitHub. It can steal contact information, turn on camera, microphone, read SMS, and more.
https://github.com/AhMyth/AhMyth-Android-RAT

Malscan is a robust and fully featured scanning platform for Linux servers built upon the ClamAV platform, providing all of the features of Clamscan with a host of new features and detection modes.
https://github.com/jgrancell/malscan

There is an update for the world's fastest and most advanced password recovery utility Hashcat.
https://github.com/hashcat/hashcat/releases/tag/v4.0.0

InfoSec Week 39, 2017

Security researcher Gal Beniamini from Google has discovered a security vulnerability (CVE-2017-11120) in Apple's iPhone and other devices that use Broadcom Wi-Fi chips and published working exploit after notifying affected parties.
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.sk/2017/10/over-air-vol-2-pt-2-exploiting-wi-fi.html

Google engineers also found multiple flaws and vulnerabilities in the popular DNS software package - Dnsmasq. The patches are now committed to the project’s git repository. Make sure to upgrade to v2.78.
https://security.googleblog.com/2017/10/behind-masq-yet-more-dns-and-dhcp.html

Arbor Networks researchers attributed Flusihoc DDoS botnet to the Chinese origins. More than 154 different command and control servers were used during the years, with over 48 still active right now.
https://www.arbornetworks.com/blog/asert/the-flusihoc-dynasty-a-long-standing-ddos-botnet/

HP Enterprise shared ArcSight source code with the Russians.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2017/10/hp_shared_arcsi.html

The vulnerability in Siemens industrial switches allows an unauthenticated attacker who has access to the network to remotely perform administrative actions.
https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/ICSA-17-271-01

Computer manufacturer company Purism is currently running crowdfunding campaign to finance Librem 5 – A Security and Privacy Focused Phone.
From the campaign webpage:
"Librem 5, the phone that focuses on security by design and privacy protection by default. Running Free/Libre and Open Source software and a GNU+Linux Operating System designed to create an open development utopia, rather than the walled gardens from all other phone providers."
Support them!
https://puri.sm/shop/librem-5/

Microsoft announced new cloud-based memory corruption bug detector with the codename Project Springfield.
https://blogs.microsoft.com/ai/2016/09/26/microsoft-previews-project-springfield-cloud-based-bug-detector/

Super-Stealthy Droppers - Linux "Diskless" binary execution by example.
https://0x00sec.org/t/super-stealthy-droppers/3715


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