Tag government

InfoSec Week 3, 2019

35-year-old vulnerability has been discovered in the SCP file transfer utility. According to the advisory impact section, "Malicious scp server can write arbitrary files to scp target directory, change the target directory permissions and to spoof the client output."
https://sintonen.fi/advisories/scp-client-multiple-vulnerabilities.txt

Multiple U.S. government websites SSL certificates have expired and some sites are inaccessible due to properly used HTTP Strict Transport Security.
There's nobody there to renew them due to a government shutdown.
https://news.netcraft.com/archives/2019/01/10/gov-security-falters-during-u-s-shutdown.html

Researchers found a new kind of Windows malware using encrypted messaging app Telegram to receive "encrypted" instructions. Nothing innovative with the malware sample, but what is really interesting is, that telegram messages are coupled with unique IDs and malware analysts from the Forcepoint Labs were able to retroactively scrape all the messages issued by the malware operator.
Not sure what kind of channel was used by the bot, but it looks really suspicious to be able to scrape old messages.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/01/17/decrypted-telegram-bot-windows-malware

The researchers at the CanSecWest Vancouver conference will be able to participate in the annual Pwn2Own challenge. This year also in car hacking as Tesla Model 3 will be available.
https://www.zerodayinitiative.com/blog/2019/1/14/pwn2own-vancouver-2019-tesla-vmware-microsoft-and-more

One of last surviving Navajo code talkers, Alfred Newman, has passed away at 94. Newman, with many others, developed during World War II an unbreakable code for military transmissions using the unwritten Navajo language.
https://eu.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona/2019/01/14/alfred-k-newman-among-last-navajo-code-talkers-has-died/2570535002/

Security researcher Troy Hunt updated his service Have I Been Pwn with 772,904,991 new email addresses and lots of passwords after finding 87GB of leaked passwords and email addresses by the MEGA cloud storage provider.
https://www.troyhunt.com/the-773-million-record-collection-1-data-reach/

There was a massive data breach at the Oklahoma Securities Commission with millions of files containing decades worth of confidential case file intelligence from the agency and sensitive FBI investigation source materials leaked.
https://www.newsweek.com/oklahoma-data-breach-may-expose-years-fbi-investigations-report-1293862

Hackers broke into an SEC database and made millions from inside info.
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/15/international-stock-trading-scheme-hacked-into-sec-database-justice-dept-says.html

Malicious former employee installed Raspberry Pi in the company network closet, but the Reddit crowd helped with the investigation.
https://blog.haschek.at/2018/the-curious-case-of-the-RasPi-in-our-network.html

Great blog post about the factors in authentication. The more factors to be used, the bigger headache from the enrollment procedures.
https://apenwarr.ca/log/20190114

Noise Protocol Framework Explorer created by Nadim Kobeissi now supports generating secure implementations in Go for any arbitrary Noise Handshake Pattern.
https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1085629955202011136

CERT Poland (CERT Polska) opens access to its malware database (MWDB).
https://www.cert.pl/en/news/single/mwdb-our-way-to-share-information-about-malicious-software/

InfoSec Week 11, 2018

A cyberattack on a Saudi Arabian petrochemical company was probably planed with the physical explosion in mind. They have attributed Iran, and didn't mention Stuxnet at all, so a little bit one-sided view of this cyberwarfare exchange.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/15/technology/saudi-arabia-hacks-cyberattacks.html

There is a critical vulnerability in Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) that affects all versions of Windows. Due to cryptographic flaw, man-in-the-middle attack could allow remote procedure calls attack and data exfiltration against the RDP and WinRM.
https://thehackernews.com/2018/03/credssp-rdp-exploit.html

A vulnerability (CVE-2018-1057) in Samba allows authenticated users to change other users' password.
https://www.samba.org/samba/security/CVE-2018-1057.html

Kubernetes vulnerability (CVE-2017-1002101) allows containers using subpath volume mounts with any volume type to access files/directories outside of the volume, including the host’s filesystem. Updated version is already available.
https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!topic/kubernetes-announce/6sNHO_jyBzE

Quite good exchange on the encryption policy and the government backdoor proposals between the US National Academy of Sciences and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Relevant for all democratic regimes.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/03/two_new_papers_.html

Kaspersky has discovered PlugX remote access tool (RAT) malware installed across the pharmaceutical organizations in Vietnam, aimed at stealing drug formulas and business information.
https://usa.kaspersky.com/about/press-releases/2018_chinese-speaking-apt-actor-caught-spying-on-pharmaceutical-organizations

Encrypted Email Service provider ProtonMail is being blocked by internet service providers in Turkey.
https://protonmail.com/blog/turkey-online-censorship-bypass/

CTS-Labs security researchers has published a whitepaper identifying four classes of potential vulnerabilities of the Ryzen, EPYC, Ryzen Pro, and Ryzen Mobile processor lines.
https://www.anandtech.com/show/12525/security-researchers-publish-ryzen-flaws-gave-amd-24-hours-to-respond

Adam Langley's blog post about the inability of the TLS 1.3 to snoop on proxy traffic.
https://www.imperialviolet.org/2018/03/10/tls13.html

Hacker Adrian Lamo dies at 37. He was known for his involvement in passing information on whistleblower Chelsea Manning, a former US Army soldier who leaked sensitive information to the WikiLeaks.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/adrian-lamo-hacker-dies/

To find assault suspect, police in the Raleigh, North Carolina used search warrants to demand Google accounts not of specific suspects, but from any mobile devices that veered too close to the scene of a crime in specific time.
http://www.wral.com/to-find-suspects-police-quietly-turn-to-google/17377435/

Kaspersky releases Klara, a distributed system written in Python, designed to help threat intelligence researchers hunt for new malware using Yara rules.
https://github.com/KasperskyLab/klara/

Nice paper about the simple manual cipher that should be resistant against the modern cryptanalysis.
LC4: A Low-Tech Authenticated Cipher for Human-To-Human Communication https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/339