Tag intelligence

InfoSec Week 21, 2018

500,000 routers in more than 50 countries are infected with the malware targeting routers. Primarily home devices like Linksys, MikroTik, NETGEAR and TP-Link.
Cisco's Talos Security attributed malware to the future Russian cyber operations against the Ukraine. The US FBI agents seize control of the botnet.
https://blog.talosintelligence.com/2018/05/VPNFilter.html
https://www.thedailybeast.com/exclusive-fbi-seizes-control-of-russian-botnet

The Internet Archive's Wayback Machine is deleting evidence on the malware sellers. They have removed from their archive a webpage of a Thailand-based firm FlexiSpy, which offers desktop and mobile malware.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/nekzzq/wayback-machine-deleting-evidence-flexispy

According to the McAfee team, North Korean threat actor Sun Team is targeting defectors using the malicious Android applications on Google Play.
https://securingtomorrow.mcafee.com/mcafee-labs/malware-on-google-play-targets-north-korean-defectors/

Don't use sha256crypt & sha512crypt primitives as shipped with GNU/Linux, they're leaking information about the password via time duration of a hashing operation.
Not critical vulnerability, but good to know.
https://pthree.org/2018/05/23/do-not-use-sha256crypt-sha512crypt-theyre-dangerous/

The Intercept published an interesting article about the Japanese signals intelligence agency, based on Snowden's leaks.
https://theintercept.com/2018/05/19/japan-dfs-surveillance-agency/

The US FBI repeatedly overstated encryption threat figures to Congress and the public.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/fbi-repeatedly-overstated-encryption-threat-figures-to-congress-public/2018/05/22/5b68ae90-5dce-11e8-a4a4-c070ef53f315_story.html

The US internet provider Comcast was leaking the usernames and passwords of customers’ wireless routers to anyone with the valid subscriber’s account number and street address number.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/05/21/comcast-is-leaking-the-names-and-passwords-of-customers-wireless-routers/

Amazon is pitching their facial recognition technology to law enforcement agencies, saying the program could aid criminal investigations by recognizing suspects in photos and videos.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/technology/amazon-facial-recognition.html

Great blog about the SMS binary payloads and how SMS is weakening mobile security for years.
https://www.contextis.com/blog/binary-sms-the-old-backdoor-to-your-new-thing

Researchers from the Eclypsium found a new variation of the Spectre attack that can allow attackers to recover data stored inside CPU System Management Mode. They have even published Proof-of-concept.
https://blog.eclypsium.com/2018/05/17/system-management-mode-speculative-execution-attacks/

InfoSec Week 10, 2018

Google is contracted by the US Defense Department to apply its artificial intelligence solutions to drone strike targeting.
https://theintercept.com/2018/03/06/google-is-quietly-providing-ai-technology-for-drone-strike-targeting-project/

PacketLogic Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) devices manufactured by Sandvine are being used to deploy government spyware in Turkey and Syria, and redirect Egyptian Users to affiliate advertising networks and browser cryptocurrency miners.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/03/bad-traffic-sandvines-packetlogic-devices-deploy-government-spyware-turkey-syria/

The researchers from Purdue University and the University of Iowa have discovered new attacks against the 4G LTE wireless data communications technology for mobile devices. The attack an be used to for impersonating existing users, device location spoofing, fake emergency and warning message delivery, eavesdropping on SMS communications, and more.
https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2018/03/05/lte-attacks/

Blog about the irresponsible handling of the sensitive data by airlines on-line booking system.
https://medium.freecodecamp.org/how-airlines-dont-care-about-your-privacy-case-study-emirates-com-6271b3b8474b

Wire messenger application passed an extensive application level security audit by X41 D-Sec and Kudelski Security. No critical vulnerabilities were found in the iOS, Android or the web part.
https://www.x41-dsec.de/security/report/2018/03/06/projects-x41-wire-phase2/

With the older firmware, it was possible to extract private keys from the cryptocurrency Ledger Nano hardware wallet.
https://twitter.com/i/web/status/970977060134023168

password_pwncheck is an enterprise Kerberos, Windows AD and Linux PAM password quality checking tool. It is able to check against breached lists like Have I Been Pwned and others.
https://github.com/CboeSecurity/password_pwncheck

The Harpoon is a command line tool to automate threat intelligence and open source intelligence tasks.
https://github.com/Te-k/harpoon

InfoSec Week 6, 2018

A buffer overflow vulnerability in older Starcraft version enabled modders to create new maps, so Blizzard tasked reverse engineer to safely emulate the bug in the newer, fixed version.
The author says it all: "This is a tale about what dedication to backward compatibility implies."
https://plus.google.com/+MartinSeeger/posts/HYmY8gPCYJT

A bug in the Grammarly chrome extension (approx ~22M users) exposes user authentication token to all websites, so everybody collecting user data can access their cloud data at grammarly.com.
https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=1527&desc=2

With the release of Google Chrome 68, Chrome will mark all HTTP sites as a “not secure” in the status bar.
https://security.googleblog.com/2018/02/a-secure-web-is-here-to-stay.html

Article about the Australian startup Azimuth Security which sells hacking software to the "Five Eyes" police and intelligence agencies.
Rumors are that they are able to remotely hack Android devices and iPhones.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/8xdayg/iphone-zero-days-inside-azimuth-security

SEC Consult researchers found multiple vulnerabilities in their smart sex toys security review. Customer database, clear passwords, vulnerable remote controllers...
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2018/Feb/0

Metasploit integrated EternalRomance, EternalSynergy, and EternalChampion Windows (MS17-010) vulnerabilities leaked from the NSA by Shadow Brokers.
https://blog.rapid7.com/2018/02/02/metasploit-wrapup-26/

Someone leaked the source code of Apples' iBoot iOS trusted boot program on GitHub. It is a critical part of iOS system. Meanwhile, Apple filed a copyright takedown request with GitHub.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/a34g9j/iphone-source-code-iboot-ios-leak

Hackers infected water utility SCADA systems in Europe with the cryptocurrency mining software.
http://www.eweek.com/security/water-utility-in-europe-hit-by-cryptocurrency-malware-mining-attack

Security researchers discovered vulnerabilities in an automated gas management system that allowed them to hijack credit card payments, steal card numbers and more.
https://www.scmagazine.com/gas-pump-vulnerabilities-in-widespread-software-grant-low-prices-and-credit-card-data/article/741764/

APT Simulator is a Windows Batch script that uses a set of tools and output files to make a system look as if it was the victim of an APT attack.
https://github.com/NextronSystems/APTSimulator

InfoSec Week 4, 2018

Electron applications designed to run on Windows that register themselves as the default handler for a protocol, like Skype, Slack and others, are vulnerable to the remote code execution vulnerability.
https://electronjs.org/blog/protocol-handler-fix

Dutch intelligence service AIVD provided the FBI with important information regarding Russian interference with the American elections. They have following the Cozy Bear APT for years.
https://www.volkskrant.nl/media/dutch-agencies-provide-crucial-intel-about-russia-s-interference-in-us-elections~a4561913/

Good blog about the exploitation of the Intel Management Engine 11 vulnerabilities. Researchers Mark Ermolov and Maxim Goryachy were able to debug and analyse most of the Intel ME processes.
http://blog.ptsecurity.com/2018/01/running-unsigned-code-in-intel-me.html

It's possible to bypass the Cloudflare protection by scanning internet for misconfigured customers' servers.
https://blog.christophetd.fr/bypassing-cloudflare-using-internet-wide-scan-data/

It is possible for an unauthenticated attacker in the LAN network to achieve remote code execution (CVE-2018-5999) in the AsusWRT router as the root user.
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/advisories/asuswrt-lan-rce.txt

The Tinder dating application is not using encryption when accessing data on a backend server. Your naked photos could be seen by a waitress in a restaurant. The geeky one.
https://www.checkmarx.com/2018/01/23/tinder-someone-may-watching-swipe-2/

Oracle has released patches for ten vulnerabilities in VirtualBox, which allows guest to host virtual machine escape.
https://www.techrepublic.com/article/10-new-vm-escape-vulnerabilities-discovered-in-virtualbox/

The guy was able to obtain TLS certificates from the Let's Encrypt certification authority for domains that he does not own, due to the TLS-SNI-01 challenge workflow in a cloud environment. Shared hosting providers like Heroku, AWS CloudFront affected.
https://labs.detectify.com/2018/01/12/how-i-exploited-acme-tls-sni-01-issuing-lets-encrypt-ssl-certs-for-any-domain-using-shared-hosting/

Blog by Joanna Rutkowska on a future Qubes Air operating system architecture roadmap. They want to provide compartmentalized secure Qubes OS as a service.
https://www.qubes-os.org/news/2018/01/22/qubes-air/

There is a cryptographic analysis of the WireGuard protocol. WireGuard is a layer 3 replacement for the IPsec, OpenVPN solutions. Interesting project.
https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/080

Nice introduction on how to fuzz TCP servers by Robert Swiecki.
http://blog.swiecki.net/2018/01/fuzzing-tcp-servers.html