Tag Kaspersky

InfoSec Week 43, 2018

A zero-day vulnerability in the jQuery File Upload plugin is actively exploited for at least three years. Patch now!
https://www.zdnet.com/article/zero-day-in-popular-jquery-plugin-actively-exploited-for-at-least-three-years/
https://github.com/lcashdol/Exploits/tree/master/CVE-2018-9206

A massive ad fraud scheme involving more than 125 Android apps and websites exploited Android Phones to steal millions.
Literally, almost everybody is doing this scheme against the smartphone users these days.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/craigsilverman/how-a-massive-ad-fraud-scheme-exploited-android-phones-to

Kaspersky Lab analyzed complex DarkPulsar backdoor administrative module for a malware leaked by the ShadowBrokers.
They have found around 50 victims located in Russia, Iran and Egypt, mostly companies working in the nuclear energy, telecommunications, IT, aerospace and R&D.
https://securelist.com/darkpulsar/88199/

Haaretz investigation reveals Israel has become a leading exporter of tools for spying on civilians.
Dictators around the world use them eavesdrop on human rights activists, monitor emails, hack into apps and record conversations.
https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-israel-s-cyber-spy-industry-aids-dictators-hunt-dissidents-and-gays-1.6573027

The consultancy firm McKinsey helping Saudi Arabia identify influential Saudis who opposed the government's line on Twitter.
Some of those individuals were later imprisoned & targeted with sophisticated spyware.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/us/politics/saudi-image-campaign-twitter.html

Companies building "Smart home" products refuse to say whether law enforcement is using their products to spy on citizens.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/19/smart-home-devices-hoard-data-government-demands/

Mozilla announces experimental partnership with the ProtonVPN.
They will offer a virtual private network (VPN) service to a small group of Firefox users.
https://blog.mozilla.org/futurereleases/2018/10/22/testing-new-ways-to-keep-you-safe-online/

The UK grassroots internet provider is testing a data only SIM card that blocks any non-Tor traffic from leaving the phone.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/d3qqj7/sim-card-forces-data-through-tor-brass-horn-communications

That feeling when you can steal a Tesla by relay attack (or key cloning?), but you have to Google how to unplug the charger.
https://gizmodo.com/hackers-allegedly-caught-on-video-stealing-tesla-model-1829905478

An insightful review of Android's secure backup practices published by NCC Group.
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/android-cloud-backuprestore/?research=Public+Reports

Endpoint security pioneer Joanna Rutkowska leaves Qubes OS, joins the Golem project.
https://www.qubes-os.org/news/2018/10/25/the-next-chapter/

Matthew Green wrote a post on password-based authenticated key exchange (PAKE )and the new OPAQUE protocol.
Quite useful techniques more people should know about.
https://blog.cryptographyengineering.com/2018/10/19/lets-talk-about-pake/

Signal Desktop leaves message decryption key in the plain text.
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/signal-desktop-leaves-message-decryption-key-in-plain-sight/

Trail of Bits published a useful guide to the post-quantum cryptography.
https://blog.trailofbits.com/2018/10/22/a-guide-to-post-quantum-cryptography/

InfoSec Week 11, 2018

A cyberattack on a Saudi Arabian petrochemical company was probably planed with the physical explosion in mind. They have attributed Iran, and didn't mention Stuxnet at all, so a little bit one-sided view of this cyberwarfare exchange.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/15/technology/saudi-arabia-hacks-cyberattacks.html

There is a critical vulnerability in Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) that affects all versions of Windows. Due to cryptographic flaw, man-in-the-middle attack could allow remote procedure calls attack and data exfiltration against the RDP and WinRM.
https://thehackernews.com/2018/03/credssp-rdp-exploit.html

A vulnerability (CVE-2018-1057) in Samba allows authenticated users to change other users' password.
https://www.samba.org/samba/security/CVE-2018-1057.html

Kubernetes vulnerability (CVE-2017-1002101) allows containers using subpath volume mounts with any volume type to access files/directories outside of the volume, including the host’s filesystem. Updated version is already available.
https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!topic/kubernetes-announce/6sNHO_jyBzE

Quite good exchange on the encryption policy and the government backdoor proposals between the US National Academy of Sciences and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Relevant for all democratic regimes.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/03/two_new_papers_.html

Kaspersky has discovered PlugX remote access tool (RAT) malware installed across the pharmaceutical organizations in Vietnam, aimed at stealing drug formulas and business information.
https://usa.kaspersky.com/about/press-releases/2018_chinese-speaking-apt-actor-caught-spying-on-pharmaceutical-organizations

Encrypted Email Service provider ProtonMail is being blocked by internet service providers in Turkey.
https://protonmail.com/blog/turkey-online-censorship-bypass/

CTS-Labs security researchers has published a whitepaper identifying four classes of potential vulnerabilities of the Ryzen, EPYC, Ryzen Pro, and Ryzen Mobile processor lines.
https://www.anandtech.com/show/12525/security-researchers-publish-ryzen-flaws-gave-amd-24-hours-to-respond

Adam Langley's blog post about the inability of the TLS 1.3 to snoop on proxy traffic.
https://www.imperialviolet.org/2018/03/10/tls13.html

Hacker Adrian Lamo dies at 37. He was known for his involvement in passing information on whistleblower Chelsea Manning, a former US Army soldier who leaked sensitive information to the WikiLeaks.
http://www.zdnet.com/article/adrian-lamo-hacker-dies/

To find assault suspect, police in the Raleigh, North Carolina used search warrants to demand Google accounts not of specific suspects, but from any mobile devices that veered too close to the scene of a crime in specific time.
http://www.wral.com/to-find-suspects-police-quietly-turn-to-google/17377435/

Kaspersky releases Klara, a distributed system written in Python, designed to help threat intelligence researchers hunt for new malware using Yara rules.
https://github.com/KasperskyLab/klara/

Nice paper about the simple manual cipher that should be resistant against the modern cryptanalysis.
LC4: A Low-Tech Authenticated Cipher for Human-To-Human Communication https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/339

InfoSec Week 40, 2017

There is a great probability that if you used Outlook’s S/MIME encryption in the past 6 months, plaintext of your emails was leaked to the mail exchange because of Outlook S/MIME CVE-2017-11776 vulnerability.
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/blog/2017/10/fake-crypto-microsoft-outlook-smime-cleartext-disclosure-cve-2017-11776/index.html

The Kaspersky anti-virus was allegedly stealing NSA secrets using a silent signature mode that detected classified documents. Israel hacked the Kaspersky, and notified the NSA.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/israel-hacked-kaspersky-then-tipped-the-nsa-that-its-tools-had-been-breached/2017/10/10/d48ce774-aa95-11e7-850e-2bdd1236be5d_story.html
https://www.wsj.com/articles/russian-hackers-scanned-networks-world-wide-for-secret-u-s-data-1507743874

A custom OxygenOS Android fork that comes installed on all OnePlus smartphones, is tracking users, allowing OnePlus to connect each phone to its customer.
https://www.chrisdcmoore.co.uk/post/oneplus-analytics/

Chromebooks and Chromeboxes are affected by a bug in certain Infineon Trusted Platform Module (TPM) firmware versions. RSA keys generated by the TPM being vulnerable to a computationally expensive attacks. Targeted attacks are possible.
https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/dev/chromium-os/tpm_firmware_update

KovCoreG hacking group used advertising network on Pornhub to redirect users to a fake browser update websites that installed malware.
https://www.proofpoint.com/us/threat-insight/post/kovter-group-malvertising-campaign-exposes-millions-potential-ad-fraud-malware

Apple released a security patch for macOS High Sierra 10.13 to fix vulnerabilities in the Apple file system (APFS) volumes and Keychain software. The patch also addresses a flaw in the Apple file system that exposes encrypted drive’s password in the hint box.
http://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/63896/hacking/apple-file-system-flaw.html

Yet another part of the reverse engineering blog post series analyzing TrickBot with IDA.
https://qmemcpy.io/post/reverse-engineering-malware-trickbot-part-3-core

Keybase has launched a nice new feature - encrypted Git. There are no services like website, pull requests, issue tracking or wiki, just simple git. Encrypted.
https://keybase.io/blog/encrypted-git-for-everyone

InfoSec Week 37, 2017

SfyLabs' researchers discovered a new Android banking Trojan named Red Alert 2.0, that is being offered for rent on many dark websites. It uses Twitter as a fall back mechanism for communication.
https://clientsidedetection.com/new_android_trojan_targeting_over_60_banks_and_social_apps.html

Windows cleanup utility CCleaner distributed by antivirus vendor Avast contained a multi-stage Floxif malware.
http://blog.talosintelligence.com/2017/09/avast-distributes-malware.html https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/avast-clarifies-details-surrounding-ccleaner-malware-incident/

According to Slovak CSIRT, multiple Python packages in the PyPI Python repository was hit by typosquatting attack.
http://www.nbu.gov.sk/skcsirt-sa-20170909-pypi/

Medfusion 4000 Wireless Syringe Infusion Pumps used in acute critical care settings could be remotely controlled, patients killed.
https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/ICSMA-17-250-02

Kaspersky researchers discovered a new attack technique leveraging an undocumented Microsoft Word feature that loads PHP scripts hosted on third-party web servers.
https://securelist.com/an-undocumented-word-feature-abused-by-attackers/81899/

DigitalOcean warned that some pre-built and pre-configured application (One-Click) offered by the cloud platform are using default admin passwords.
http://www.securityweek.com/digitalocean-warns-vulnerability-affecting-cloud-users

A use after free error in Apache HTTP can leak pieces of arbitrary memory from the server. It's tracked as an CVE-2017-9798 "Optionsbleed" vulnerability.
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-9798 https://github.com/hannob/optionsbleed

Mr. SIP is a tool developed to audit and simulate SIP-based attacks.
https://github.com/meliht/mr.sip

InfoSec Week 36, 2017

The security researcher Pierre Kim has discovered ten critical zero-day vulnerabilities in D-Link routers.
https://pierrekim.github.io/blog/2017-09-08-dlink-850l-mydlink-cloud-0days-vulnerabilities.html

There is a new research paper published on a security of a Bluetooth stack named "The dangers of Bluetooth implementations: Unveiling zero day vulnerabilities and security flaws in modern Bluetooth stacks." Really alarming vulnerabilities discussed.
From a paper: "BlueBorne allows attackers to take control of devices, access corporate data and networks, penetrate secure “air-gapped” networks, and spread malware to other devices. The attack does not require the targeted device to be set on discoverable mode or to be paired to the attacker’s device."
http://go.armis.com/hubfs/BlueBorne%20Technical%20White%20Paper.pdf

FireEye has analyzed a malicious Microsoft Office RTF document that leveraged CVE-2017-8759, a SOAP WSDL parser code injection vulnerability leveraged by attackers to distribute notoriously known FinFisher / FINSPY malware.
I have included exploit example that is published on a GitHub.
https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2017/09/zero-day-used-to-distribute-finspy.html
https://github.com/Voulnet/CVE-2017-8759-Exploit-sample

Kaspersky Labs have analyzed the trend of malicious cryptocurrency mining practices on an infected machines.
https://securelist.com/miners-on-the-rise/81706/

The Android BankBot malware found on Google Play store is targeting multiple UAE banking applications.
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/bankbot-found-google-play-targets-ten-new-uae-banking-apps

Good analysis of how the JavaScript framework can be abused to bypass XSS mitigations, specifically NoScript’s XSS filter.
http://blog.portswigger.net/2017/09/abusing-javascript-frameworks-to-bypass.html

NSA had developed the capability to decrypt and decode Kazaa and eDonkey file-sharing apps traffic to determine which files are being shared, and what queries are being performed over those P2P networks.
https://theintercept.com/2017/09/13/nsa-broke-the-encryption-on-file-sharing-apps-kazaa-and-edonkey/

Formally verified implementation of Curve25519 made it into Firefox 57. And it is 20% faster on 64-bit architectures.
https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2017/09/13/verified-cryptography-firefox-57/

A nice curated list of IDA plugins.
https://github.com/onethawt/idaplugins-list