Reddit got hacked. According to the investigation, it looks like hackers accessed employees 2FA protected accounts.
An attacker "compromised a few of Reddit's accounts with cloud and source code hosting providers by intercepting SMS 2FA verification codes".
A non-official French website keepass.fr using an URL similar to the popular password manager KeePass one lets you download a tampered version of the password manager with some adware in it.
According to The Intercept_, Google is planning to launch a censored version of its search engine in China that will blacklist websites and search terms about human rights, democracy, religion, and peaceful protest.
One can only wonder whether it is some part of a broader strategy, how to spread channels of influence abroad.
There is a great blog published on a Trail of Bits about the recent invalid elliptic curve point attack against the Bluetooth implementations.
Give it a try if you are interested, it's really easy to read!
A borough and a town in Alaska have been hit by a devastating ransomware attack, forcing employees to completely stop using computers and go back to typewriters and hand receipts.
BYOB (Build Your Own Botnet) is an open-source project that provides a framework for security researchers and developers to build and operate a basic botnet to deepen their understanding of the sophisticated malware that infects millions of devices every year and spawns modern botnets, in order to improve their ability to develop countermeasures against these threats.
FireEye wrote article about the internals of a FIN7 hacking group global operation.
WireGuard, next generation VPN software, is finally submitted for the Linux kernel inclusion. Linus Torvalds commented the pull request:
"I've skimmed it, and compared to the horrors that are OpenVPN and IPSec, it's a work of art."
Malhunt: automated malware search in memory dumps using volatility and Yara rules.
There is a first ransomware which is taking advantage of a new Process Doppelgänging fileless code injection technique. Working on all modern versions of Microsoft Windows, since Vista. This variant of a known SynAck ransomware is using NTFS transactions to launch a malicious process by replacing the memory of a legitimate process.
Security researchers from the Dutch information security company Computes has found that some Volkswagen and Audi cars are vulnerable to remote hacking. They were able to exploit vehicle infotainment systems. The possible attackers could track car location as well as listen to the conversations in a car.
Twitter found a bug that stored user passwords unmasked in an internal log, there is no indication of a breach, but all Twitter users should change their passwords.
There is a breakthrough cryptographic attack on 5-round AES using only 2^22 (previous best was 2^32) presented at CRYPTO 2018. It is joint work of Nathan Keller, Achiya Bar On, Orr Dunkelman, Eyal Ronen and Adi Shamir. This kind of attack is good when evaluating the security of a cipher, it does not have any real world implication as the AES is using at least 10 rounds in production implementations.
Bug hunter which found multiple vulnerabilities in the 7-zip software used by anti-virus vendors wrote an blog on how to exploit one of such bugs. Interesting read.
The 360 Core Security Division response team detected an APT attack exploiting a 0-day vulnerability and captured the world’s first malicious sample that uses a browser 0-day vulnerability (CVE-2018-8174). It is a remote code execution vulnerability of Windows VBScript engine and affects the latest version of Internet Explorer.
Microsoft patched this vulnerability few days ago and credited Chinese researchers.
Source code of TreasureHunter Point-of-Sale malware leaks online.
The ssh-decorator package from Python pip had an obvious backdoor (sending ip+login+password to ssh-decorate[.]cf in cleartext HTTP).
Luke Picciau wrote about his experience with Matrix and it's Riot messenger for one year.
There is a first official version 1.0 RC of Briar for Android.
Briar is an open-source End-to-end encrypted Bluetooth / WiFi / Tor based mesh-networking (decentralized) messaging application.
The Infection Monkey is an open source security tool for testing a data center's resiliency to perimeter breaches and internal server infection.
Google disables domain fronting capability in their App Engine, which was used to evade censorship. What a fortunate timing.
Bloomberg published article on how Palantir is using the War on Terror tools to track American citizens.
The U.S. and the UK blame Russia for a campaign of hacks into routers, switches and other connected infrastructure.
One of the people charged for the Reveton ransomware trojan was actually working as a Microsoft network engineer.
Intel processors now allow antivirus (mostly Microsoft right now) to Use built-in GPUs for in-memory malware scanning.
Avast shared CCleaner breach timeline. They were infiltrated via TeamViewer. More than 2.3 million users, 40 companies infected.
Nice blog post about the quantum resistant hash-based signature schemes. No public key cryptography.
New Android P enables users to change default DNS server, it will also support DNS over TLS.
There is a new web standard for authentication, designed to replace password login method with the public key cryptography and biometrics.
OpenSSL is vulnerable to a cache timing vulnerability in RSA Key Generation (CVE-2018-0737).
Could be theoretically exploited by some hypervisor, but they have decided not to release emergency fix.
The Endgame has released Ember (Endgame Malware BEnchmark for Research), an open source collection of 1.1 million portable executable file metadata & derived features from the PE files, hashes and a benchmark model trained on those features.
The city of Atlanta government has become the victim of a ransomware attack. The ransomware message demanding a payment of $6,800 to unlock each computer or $51,000 to provide all the keys for affected systems. Employees were told to turn off their computers.
The academic researchers have discovered a new side-channel attack method called BranchScope that can be launched against devices with Intel processors and demonstrated it against an SGX enclave. The patches released in response to the Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities might not prevent these types of attacks.
Good insight into the ransomware business and how it operates, how it transfers Bitcoin funds, with data gathered over a period of two years.
The paper is named "Tracking Ransomware End-to-end"
Mozilla has created a Facebook Container extension for Firefox, which should enable users to protect their online habits by sandboxing Facebook webpage.
Interesting article about the North Korean army of hackers operating abroad with the mission to earn money by any means necessary.
Unified logs in the MacOS High Sierra (up to 10.13.3) show the plain text password for APFS encrypted external volumes via disk utility application.
SophosLabs researchers analyzed a new Android malware which is pretending to he a legitimate QR reader application, but actually is monetizing users by showing them a flood of full-screen advertisements. More than 500k apps were installed.
CloudFlare published a Merkle Town dashboard, Certificate Transparency logs visualization tool.
Facebook is tracking users' phone call information via their Android Messenger application.
There are multiple critical vulnerabilities in the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) subsystem of Cisco IOS Software.
New version (4.0) of the most secure operating system on the planet - Qubes OS was released.
A.P. Moller–Maersk Group, the world's largest container shipping company, reinstalled 45000 PCs and 4000 Servers to recover from the NotPetya ransomware attack.
The U.S. Secret Service is warning financial institutions that ATM jackpotting attacks are targeting cash machines in the United States. Attackers are able to empty Diebold Nixdorf and possibly other ATM machines with malware, endoscope and social engineering skills.
Microsoft disables Spectre software mitigation released earlier this month due to system instability.
Data from the fitness tracking app Strava gives away the location of sensitive locations like army bases.
China built African union building for free, but the building is riddled with microphones and computers are transmitting all voice data back to servers in Shanghai.
Journalist Marc Miller has interviewed one of the hackers of the ICEMAN group behind "Emmental" phishing campaign targeting bank clients.
Errata Security blog about the political nature of the cyber attack attribution. Mostly about the WannaCry and North Korea connection, but it is a good overview on attribution bias in general.
Great article about the largest malvertising campaign of a last year. So called Zirconium group operated up to 30 different ad agencies which enabled them to redirect users to the exploit kits, malware downloads and click fraud websites.
AutoSploit is an automated exploitation tool written in python. It is able to search for targets using Shodan.io API and exploiting them with Metasploit.
New research has found a flaw in a group messaging part of a Signal protocol used by Signal, WhatsApp and Threema. It’s hardly exploitable, but the server (attacker) could be, in some theoretical scenario, able to silently join an encrypted group chat.
Janit0r, author of the mass internet scanning campaign known as Internet Chemotherapy, released two more blogs about the campaign. Interesting.
A tale about the npm package which crawled user entered credit card information from the websites. It is a work of fiction, but published few hours after dozens of npm packages stopped working due to missing dependencies... Scary.
HC7 Planetary Ransomware is probably the first known ransomware asking for Ethereum as a ransom payment. It's for Windows users only.
There is a hardwired network backdoor in the Western Digital MyCloud drives (user: mydlinkBRionyg, password: abc12345cba). Vendor probably patched it six months after reported.
Wi-Fi Protected Access III - WPA3 will be forced on a marked this year. Hopefully a lot of security enhancements to wi-fi protocol will be delivered by the WPA3-certified devices.
Let's Encrypt certification authority has temporarily disabled TLS-SNI-01 authorization challenge due to reported exploitation technique possible on a shared hosting infrastructure.
Google Cloud security engineers reported remote code execution vulnerability in the AMD Platform Security Processor.
Brian Krebs wrote a blog about the flourishing online markets with the stolen credentials.
VirusTotal has a new feature, a visualization tool for the relationship between files, URLs, domains and IP addresses.
A Meltdown vulnerability proof of concept for reading passwords out of Google Chrome browser.
Daniel Shapira from Twistlock wrote a blog about exploiting a Linux kernel vulnerability in the waitid() syscall (CVE-2017-5123) in order to modify the Linux capabilities of a Docker container, gain privileges and escape the container jail.
There is a critical hardware bug in the Intel chips, which enables a user level process to access kernel address space, thus read other processes memory. Cloud providers and OS makers are preparing software patches, but the performance penalty could be significant. According to the Wired:
"[researchers] confirmed that when Intel processors perform that speculative execution, they don't fully segregate processes that are meant to be low-privilege and untrusted from the highest-privilege memory in the computer's kernel. That means a hacker can trick the processor into allowing unprivileged code to peek into the kernel's memory with speculative execution."
The guy dumped PlayStation 4 kernel by leaking arbitrary memory into accessible crashdumps.
ACM published article about more than 2 decades old ransomware experiments with the name "Cryptovirology: The Birth, Neglect, and Explosion of Ransomware".
Nice write up about exploit development for the arbitrary command execution on a BMC Server Automation remote agent software.
MacOS-only 0day vulnerability published on a last day of 2017. It is an IOHIDSystem kernel vulnerability that can be exploited by any unprivileged user.
Edward Snowden’s open source Haven application uses smartphone sensors to detect physical tampering.
PiKarma detects wireless network attacks performed by KARMA module (fake AP). Starts deauthentication attack (for fake access points).
Multiple critical vulnerabilities were found in the Intel Management Engine, Trusted Execution Engine and Server Platform Services by Intel audit after 3rd party researchers reported the privilege escalation vulnerability.
If you have a vulnerable F5, basically attackers can sign anything with your RSA private key. An F5 BIG-IP virtual server configured with a Client SSL profile may be vulnerable to an Adaptive Chosen Ciphertext attack (AKA Bleichenbacher attack) against RSA, which when exploited, may result in plaintext recovery of encrypted messages.
MalwareHunterTeam discovered a new variant of the CryptoMix ransomware. It uses hardcoded RSA keys and can work offline.
Attackers are using Microsoft’s Office documents Dynamic Data Exchange protocol to download and install malware. Microsoft does not consider it a vulnerability.
Nice step by step guide on how to put shellcode into a legitimate PE file, and make it undetectable.
Extensive review of U2F hardware devices.
al-khaser is a PoC malware with good intentions that aims to stress your anti-malware system. It performs a bunch of nowadays malware tricks and the goal is to see if you stay under the radar.
Puffs is a domain-specific language and library for parsing untrusted file formats safely. Examples of such file formats include images, audio, video, fonts and compressed archives.
Researchers from the Masaryk University finally published full paper of the practical cryptographic attack against the implementation of RSA in the widely used trusted platform modules / crypto tokens.
"The Return of Coppersmith’s Attack: Practical Factorization of Widely Used RSA Moduli" https://crocs.fi.muni.cz/_media/public/papers/nemec_roca_ccs17_preprint.pdf
Those guys published an interesting paper about the secure cryptographic computation with the threat model without attackers based on Earth. They are proposing SpaceHSM hardware secure devices on the orbit.
"SpaceTEE: Secure and Tamper-Proof Computing in Space using CubeSats"
There is a small chance that the documents encrypted by Bad Rabbit ransomware could be recovered without paying ransom, if the shadow copies had been enabled in the Windows prior to infection. Victims can restore the original versions of the encrypted files using standard Windows backup mechanism.
For technical analysis of the Bad Rabbit ransomware, see the second link.
Google is going to deprecate the use of pinned public key certificates, public key pinning (PKP), from the Google Chrome browser.
The British government has publicly attributed North Korean government hackers as a source behind the "WannaCry" malware epidemy.
Multiple remote execution vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-13089, CVE-2017-13090) were patched in the popular software Wget. Update!
The source code of an AhMyth Android remote administration tool is available on GitHub. It can steal contact information, turn on camera, microphone, read SMS, and more.
Malscan is a robust and fully featured scanning platform for Linux servers built upon the ClamAV platform, providing all of the features of Clamscan with a host of new features and detection modes.
There is an update for the world's fastest and most advanced password recovery utility Hashcat.
Danish conglomerate Maersk expects to lose between $200-300m due to Petya ransomware infection, according to their latest quarterly results.
A Windows Object Linking Embedding (OLE) interface vulnerability in Microsoft PowerPoint in being exploited in order to install malware.
Interesting blog about the exploitation of a Foxit Reader.
"A tale about Foxit Reader - Safe Reading mode and other vulnerabilities"
Engineer decrypts Apple's Secure Enclave Processor (SEP) firmware.
Facebook awards $100,000 to 2017 Internet Defense Prize winning paper "Detecting Credential Spearphishing Attacks in Enterprise Settings". Very useful research for urgent topic.
Cryptographic library Libsodium has been audited by Matthew Green of Cryptography Engineering.
New research on integer factorization suggests that "build a massive decryption tool of IPsec traffic protected by the Oakley group~1 (a 768-bit discrete logarithm problem), was feasible in a reasonable time using technologies available before the year 2000." https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/758
EggShell is an iOS and macOS post exploitation surveillance pentest tool written in Python.