Google Project Zero published a blog about the FunctionSimSearch open-source library which is capable to find similar functions in the assembly.
They are using it to detect code statically-linked vulnerable library functions in executables.
London's police is testing facial recognition technology in central London this week. Feel free to get your face scanned and processed for the bright future.
Facebook gave Spotify and Netflix access to a users' private messages. Also shared user information with Microsoft, Amazon, Yahoo without explicit consent.
Researchers published results of an investigation into Russian election interference on behalf of the US Senate Intelligence Committee. They have analyzed data sets from Facebook, Twitter, Google.
Adam Langley wrote about their further Google Chrome TLS experiments with the post-quantum lattice based cryptography.
Matthew Green wrote his thoughts on GCHQ’s latest proposal for surveilling encrypted messaging and phone calls.
Tencent Blade Team discovered a remote code execution vulnerability in SQLite. It was already fixed in Chromium.
Good story about the investigation of the Chinese industrial espionage.
University of California, Berkeley researchers are building open-source secure enclave using RISC-V.
Well-known cypherpunk movement founder Timothy May passed away.
Microsoft introduced Windows Sandbox for applications.
Interesting paper on systematic parsing of X.509 certificates with strong termination guarantees: "Systematic Parsing of X.509: Eradicating Security Issues with a Parse Tree".
A Dive into Cypherlock, a tool that could prevent forced decryption.
Instant, re-usable, generic MD5 collisions over different file formats. https://github.com/corkami/pocs/blob/master/collisions/README.md
Apple included support for the WebAuthentication API in the latest Safari Release 71 (Technology Preview).
The new WebAuthentication as implemented supports USB-based CTAP2 devices.
Critical Kubernetes privilege escalation bug (CVE-2018-1002105) was found and patched during this week. When exploited, the bug allows anonymous users as well a authenticated one to use admin privileges over the cluster API.
There is an exploit published on a GitHub already.
British Telecom will not use Huawei's 5G kit within the core of the network due to security concerns.
Security agencies in Australia will gain greater access to encrypted messages due to a new legislative.
US National Security Archive published a complete index of all 1504 items in the declassified collection of NSA internal Cryptolog periodical.
Security researchers released attacks on 7 TLS implementations, making use of Bleichenbacher and Manger's attack.
The research with a name "The 9 Lives of Bleichenbacher’s CAT: New Cache ATtacks on TLS Implementations" also includes a TLS 1.3 downgrade attack.
Ransomware Infected 100k computers in China then demands WeChat Payment and is using XOR as an "encryption". Author was probably identified because he registered domain to his own name.
It looks like 13 years old Virut botnet is resurrected in the wild.
Great blog on how guy scammed the scammer to send him photo of his ID.
Nearly 250 Pages of internal Facebook documents, emails and statistics were posted online by the UK Parliament.
A User Data of the question-and-answer website Quora were compromised.
The records of 500 million customers of the Marriott International hotel group were compromised.
Interesting revisited paper: "From Keys to Databases -- Real-World Applications of Secure Multi-Party Computation."
GTRS - is a tool that uses Google Translator as a proxy to send arbitrary commands to an infected machine.
Researchers at the University of California have found that GPUs are vulnerable to side-channel attacks and demonstrated multiple types of attacks. After reverse engineering Nvidia GPU, researchers were able to steal rendered password box from a browser, sniffed other browser related data and also settings from the neural network computations on a GPU in the data center.
Cybersecurity firm Trend Micro has analyzed a new cryptocurrency mining malware that targets Linux OS and is able to hide its processes by implementing a rootkit component.
The rootkit will replace and hooks the readdir and readdir64 application programming interfaces (APIs) of the libc library so the system is unable to monitor miner workers anymore.
An Australian hacker has spent thousands of hours hacking the DRM that medical device manufacturers put on a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines to create a free tool that lets patients modify their treatment.
In 2016, Russia's Internet Research Agency used browser plugin malware called FaceMusic which "liked" Russian content and made their content popular on a social networks.
Now a Russian national living in Bulgaria has been detained on an US arrest warrant and is accused of online fraud & maintaining a computer network with servers in Dallas between Sep 2014 - Dec 2016.
The European Commission has just announced trials in Hungary, Greece and Latvia of iBorderCtrl project that includes the use of an AI-based lie detection system to spot when visitors to the EU give false information about themselves and their reasons for entering the area.
Troy Hunt analyzed 2FA, U2F authentication mechanisms and commented on the Google Advanced Protection enrollment procedure.
Bitwarden open source password manager has completed a thorough security audit and cryptographic analysis from the security experts at Cure53.
According to a Censys online platform, over a million AT&T devices, probably cable modems share the same TLS private key.
Researchers from Mozilla published blog on how they have designed privacy-aware Firefox Sync.
Two weeks ago we wrote about an attack against the OCB2 authenticated encryption scheme. It breaks integrity of OCB2.
Now there are two more papers, one breaks confidentiality and the other recovers plain text.
There is a zero day exploit "PHP_imap_open_exploit" in PHP that allows bypassing disabled exec functions by using call to imap_open.
The Czech Security Intelligence Service (BIS) shuts down Hezbollah servers in the Hezbollah hacking operation. Hackers used female Facebook profiles to trick victims into installing spyware.
More than 420K compromised MikroTik routers can be found on the Internet with half of them mining cryptocurrencies, according to the results of Censys scanner.
Also, there is anonymous gray-hat researcher patching them remotely.
Fake Adobe updates are circulating that will actually update the Windows version of a plugin on your computer, but also install cryptocurrency mining malware.
According to a new research, if you're an American of European descent, there's a 60% chance you can be uniquely identified by public information in DNA databases. This is not information that you have made public; this is information your relatives have made public. https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2018/10/how_dna_databas.html
The Pentagon travel system has been hacked. Personal information and credit card data of at least 30K U.S. military and civilian personnel are affected.
A PoC exploit for a Windows (CVE-2018-8495) remote code execution vulnerability that can be exploited via Microsoft Edge has been published.
There is a serious SSH bug discovered in LibSSH library.
Basically a client can bypass the authentication process by telling the server to set the internal state machine maintained by the library to authenticated.
Electron just merged fix enabling position independent executable build (PIE) on Linux, so all Electron-Apps on Linux can soon leverage Address space layout randomization (ASLR) protection.
On this site, you can find "every byte of a TLS connection explained and reproduced".
Really interesting project.
Researcher Lance R. Vick started a spreadsheet to compare relative security, privacy, compatibility, and features of various messenger systems.
Recorded Future published analysis of a Russian and Chinese illegal hacking Communities.
Firefox Nightly now supports encrypting the TLS Server Name Indication (SNI) extension, which helps prevent attackers on a network from learning users browsing history.
Swedish kids can read about the DNSSEC on a milk carton.
Google started selling their Titan Security Key bundle that support FIDO standards for secure authentication. They have written the firmware by themselves, but the price should be lower for this kind of hardware.
Interesting three month research on hacking Australian law firms by registering expired domain names. Thousands of emails received with sensitive material.
Researchers systematically retrieved 3500 AT controlling commands from over 2000 Android smartphone firmware images across 11 vendors and "demonstrated that the AT command interface contains an alarming amount of unconstrained functionality and represents a broad attack surface on Android devices."
Fortnite Installer created by Epic Games allowed to install anything on the customer Android phone. An Epic security engineer requested Google to delay public disclosure for the 90 days period, to allow time for the update, but Google refused.
US T-Mobile Database was breached, 2 millions of customers' data exposed.
Ars Technica published a good introductory review of the WireGuard next generation VPN software.
WhatsApp has warned users that by using a free backup service offered by Google, messages will no longer be protected by end-to-end encryption.
Assured researchers published an article which provides a brief overview of the new TLS 1.3.
If you wanted to know how to use PGP in an organization of 200 people, read this blog about OpenPGP key distribution.
They are now turning the lessons learned into an Internet standard.
Mozilla Firefox 62 and newer support a new TLS API for WebExtensions.
There is now a certificate viewer leveraging new API called Certainly Something (Certificate Viewer).
In-depth blog spot by voidsecurity about the VirtualBox code execution vulnerability.
Mark Ermolov and Maxim Goryachy researchers have published a detailed walk-through for accessing an Intel's Management Engine (IME) JTAG feature, which provides debugging access to the processor.
If you are running Linux machines in Microsoft Azure, you should disable built-in wa-linux-agent backdoor that enable root access from Azure console.
There is a good blog post by Stuart Schechter about the dark side of the two factor authentication. Highly recommended reading.
Great research by Eyal Ronen, Kenneth G. Paterson and Adi Shamir demonstrate that adopting pseudo constant time implementations of TLS are not secure against the modified Lucky 13 attack on encryption in CBC-mode. Tested against four fully patched implementations of TLS - Amazon's s2n, GnuTLS, mbed TLS and wolfSSL.
Traefik, popular open source reverse proxy and load balancing solution is leaking (CVE-2018-15598) TLS certificate private keys via API.
Google enrolled Hardware Secure Module to their Cloud Key Management Service. The customers can use it to store their encryption keys with FIPS 140-2 Level 3 security certified devices from now on.
Microsoft Corp said that Russian hackers are targeting U.S. political groups ahead of November’s congressional elections.
The WIRED cover story on how Russian NotPetya malware took down Maersk, the world’s largest shipping firm.
Kaspersky Lab published analysis of a sophisticated "Dark Tequila" banking malware which is targeting customers in Mexico and other Latin American nations.
NSA successfully cracked and listened for years to encrypted networks of Russian Airlines, Al Jazeera, and other “High Potential” targets.
Anonymous targeted Spanish Constitutional Court, economy and foreign ministry websites to support Catalonia separatist drive.
Red Teaming/Adversary Simulation Toolkit is a collection of open source and commercial tools that aid in red team operations.
A Comcast security flaws exposed more than 26 millions of customers’ personal information. Basically, an attacker could spoof IP address using "X-forwarded-for" header on a Comcast login page and reveal the customer’s location.
According to the Check Point Research, more than 150k computers are infected with the new variant of Ramnit botnet named Black. Botnet install second stage malware with the proxy functionality.
Malware infected Apple chip maker Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing. All of their factories were shut down last week, but they had already recovered from the attack.
A flaw in the Linux kernel may cause a remote denial of service [CVE-2018-5390]. Attack require less than 2 Kbps of traffic.
GDPR and other cookie consent scripts are used to distribute malware.
Interesting blog on how criminals in Iran make money by creating Android malware apps.
Let's Encrypt root CA certificate is now trusted by all major root programs. They were dependent on a cross-signing on some systems, so this is great news!
There is a really effective new attack on WPA PSK (Pre-Shared Key) passwords. Attackers can ask Access Point for the data required for offline cracking, no client traffic sniffing is needed anymore.
Innovative new research on a software implementation hardening was published with the name "Chaff Bugs: Deterring Attackers by Making Software Buggier".
The idea is simple, introduce a large number of non-exploitable bugs in the program which makes the bug discovery and exploit creation significantly harder.
Researchers from the University of Milan published padding oracle attack against Telegram Passport.
Don't roll your own cryptography schemes if other people depend on it...
A Handshake is a new experimental peer-to-peer root DNS. They have published resolver source code and have test network up and running. Looks like really promising project.
Samsung Galaxy S9 and S9+ devices, maybe others, are texting camera photos to random contacts through the Samsung Messages app without user permission.
Gentoo Linux distribution GitHub repository was compromised. Attacker removed out all the maintainers, who realized the intrusion only 10 minutes after he gained access. He add
rm -rf /* to build scripts, changed README and some minor things.
Since January 2017, Stylish browser extension has been augmented with spyware that records every single website that its 2 million other users visit, then sends complete browsing activity back to its servers, together with a unique identifier.
Digicert Withdraws from the CA Security Council (CASC), because they "feel that CASC is not sufficiently transparent and does not represent the diversity of the modern Certificate Authority (CA) industry. Improving the ecosystem requires broad participation from all interested stakeholders, and many are being excluded unnecessarily."
Great step Digicert!
CryptoCurrency Clipboard Hijacker malware discovered by Bleeping Computer monitors for more than 2.3 million Bitcoin addresses, then replace them in memory, with the attacker address.
Local root jailbreak, authorization bypass & privilege escalation vulnerabilities in all ADB broadband routers, gateways and modems. The patch is already available.
A Microsoft Security division published an analysis of the malware sample which exploited the Adobe Reader software and the Windows operating system using two zero-day exploits in a single PDF file.
Blog about why it is not helpful to use the Canvas Defender extension, a browser canvas fingerprinting countermeasure.
Blog about the cryptographic primitives used by the North Korean Red Star operating system. The OS is mostly uses AES-256 Rijndael with dynamic S-Box modifications, but the design is evolving and the latest version of the algorithm has more differences.
Interesting technique how to bypass web-application firewalls by abusing SSL/TLS. An attacker can use an unsupported SSL cipher to initialize the connection to the webserver which supports that cipher, but the WAF would not be able to identify the attack because it can't view the data.
Good introduction to the Linux ELF file format with some practical examples how sections look like, how to shrink the size during compilation and more.
A reverse shell connection is possible from an OpenVPN configuration file. So be cautious and treat ovpn files like shell scripts.
Mozilla integrates Troy Hunts' Have I Been Pwned (HIBP) database of breached passwords into Firefox. They will make breach data searchable via a new tool called Firefox Monitor.
The suspected ringleader behind the well known Carbanak malware is under arrest, but of course, his malware attacks live on.
It is possible to attack resources in the private network from the Internet with DNS rebinding attack.
"Following the wrong link could allow remote attackers to control your WiFi router, Google Home, Roku, Sonos speakers, home thermostats and more."
Wi-Fi Alliance Introduces Wi-Fi Certified WPA3 Security. Again with a questionable cryptography, but we will see. That's how industrial alliances with expensive membership works.
IETF published draft of Issues and requirements for Server Name Indication (SNI) encryption in TLS.
The draft lists known attacks against SNI encryption, discusses the current "co-tenancy fronting" solution, and presents requirements for future TLS layer solutions.
The unpatched WordPress vulnerability allows code execution for authors. Exploiting the vulnerability grants an attacker the capability to delete any file of the WordPress installation or any other file the PHP process user has the proper permissions to delete.
Researchers identified three attack vectors against LTE (Long-Term Evolution, basically 4G) on layer 2 - an active attack to redirect network packets, a passive identity mapping attack, and website fingerprinting based on resource allocation.
Cisco Talos team releases ThanatosDecryptor, the program that attempts to decrypt certain files encrypted by the Thanatos malware.
DEDA is a tool that gives the possibility to read out and decode color tracking dots which encode information about the printer. It also allows anonymisation to prevent arbitrary tracking.
Yet another high severity attack against the Intel CPUs. Unpatched systems can leak SIMD, FP register state between privilege levels. These registers are used for private keys nowadays.
The cost of a patch is more expensive context switches because the fix has to unload and reload all SIMD, FP state.
The team behind the CopperheadOS, hardened Google-free Android fork, has imploded. Guys, CEO and CTO (main and probably the only developer) are blaming each other.
Chromium devs are planning to enforce TLS protocol invariants by rolling new TLS 1.3 versions every six weeks.
According to the developers: "Every six weeks, we would randomly pick a new code point. These versions will otherwise be identical to TLS 1.3, save maybe minor details to separate keys and exercise allowed syntax changes. The goal is to pave the way for future versions of TLS by simulating them (“draft negative one”)."
The Kromtech Security Center found 17 malicious docker images stored on Docker Hub for an entire year. With more than 5 million pulls, containers were primarily used to mine cryptocurrency.
At least 74 persons, mostly Nigerians, were arrested due to crimes related to the business e-mail compromise schemes.
Good summary of the existing inter-service authentication schemes. Bearer, hmac based tokens etc.
There is an Ancient "su - hostile" vulnerability in Debian 8 & 9. Doing "su - hostile" may lead to the root privilege escalation. Default sudo -u probably is
There is a critical command injection vulnerability in the macaddress NPM package.
Blog about the crafting remote code execution via server-side spreadsheet injection.
An implementation flaw in multiple cryptographic libraries allows a side-channel based attacker to recover ECDSA or DSA private keys. Lots of libraries affected, like LibreSSL, Mozilla NSS, OpenSSL, etc.