InfoSec Week 38, 2018

Posted on 21 September 2018
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Purism project introduced their own security token called the Librem Key. They have partnered with the Nitrokey manufacturer, but the firmware provides additional functionality, like a challenge response mode where the key informs you if the bios running on a PC has validated itself to the key.
https://puri.sm/posts/introducing-the-librem-key/

Google built a prototype of a censored search engine which should be used in China, that links users’ searches to their phone numbers.
https://theintercept.com/2018/09/14/google-china-prototype-links-searches-to-phone-numbers/

According to a Swiss officials, two Russian spies caught in the Netherlands had been plotting a cyber attack on a Swiss defense lab analyzing the Novichok nerve agent used in the Salisbury poisoning.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/14/world/europe/russians-salisbury-swiss-lab-sabotage.html

Citizen Lab has published a new report about the Pegasus spyware created by Israeli cyber-security firm NSO Group.
The malware is operating on both Android and iOS devices, and the researchers identified 45 countries in which operators of NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware may be conducting operations.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/09/hide-and-seek-tracking-nso-groups-pegasus-spyware-to-operations-in-45-countries/

Hackers were running cryptocurrency mining malware on the Indian government sites.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/startups/newsbuzz/hackers-mined-a-fortune-from-indian-websites/articleshow/65836088.cms

Every day this week, Cloudflare is announcing support for a new technology that uses cryptography.
They have introduced Onion service, BGP PKI (RPKI), IPFS node. Essentially, we can call them an active global adversary now.
https://blog.cloudflare.com/crypto-week-2018/

The Western Digital My Cloud was affected by an authentication bypass vulnerability.
An unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability to authenticate as an admin user without needing to provide a password.
https://securify.nl/en/advisory/SFY20180102/authentication-bypass-vulnerability-in-western-digital-my-cloud-allows-escalation-to-admin-privileges.html

NSS Labs filed an antitrust suit against CrowdStrike, Symantec, ESET and the Anti-Malware Testing Standards Organization (AMTSO), because they found out that the "vendors have conspired to prevent testing of their products by placing clauses in their end user licensing agreements (EULA) that make testing of their products subject to their permission."
https://www.nsslabs.com/blog/company/advancing-transparency-and-accountability-in-the-cybersecurity-industry/

The new Necurs botnet spam campaign targets Banks with the malicious Wizard (.wiz) files used by Microsoft programs such as Word to guide users through complex or repetitive tasks.
https://blog.barkly.com/wiz-file-malware-necurs-campaign

Informative blog by the LineageOS engineers covering Qualcomm bootloader chain of trust to the point of Android OS being loaded.
https://lineageos.org/engineering/Qualcomm-Firmware/

GnuPG can now be used to perform notarial acts in the State of Washington.
https://lists.gnupg.org/pipermail/gnupg-users/2018-September/060987.html

A new CSS-based web attack will crash and restart your iPhone.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/09/15/a-new-css-based-web-attack-will-crash-and-restart-your-iphone/

Interesting project - SlotBot: Hacking slot machines to win the jackpot with a buttonhole camera and brute-force search.
https://github.com/tensor8/hacking_slot_machines


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