InfoSec Week 40, 2018

Posted on 04 October 2018
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Estonia sues Gemalto for €152M over ID card flaws. According to an article, some keys were NOT generated on a smartcard due to a scaling issue.
Well, looks like they are not affected by ROCA vulnerability, just compromised by Gemalto:)
https://dan.enigmabridge.com/estonia-hits-gemalto-again-insecure-eid-cards/

Apple laptops on Intel chipsets were running in the Intel Management Engine Manufacturing Mode. The vulnerability (CVE-2018-4251) was patched in macOS High Sierra update 10.13.5.
By exploiting the vulnerability, an attacker could write old versions of Intel ME without physical access to the computer, with the possibility of running arbitrary code in ME.
http://blog.ptsecurity.com/2018/10/intel-me-manufacturing-mode-macbook.html

The FBI took down Phantom Secure, a Canadian (not only) encrypted communication service.
The company turned smartphones to a single use encrypted communication devices, mostly to be used by drug kingpins.
The service was sold only to a customers recommended by the existing one.
https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/phantom-secure-takedown-031618

The US-CERT has released a technical alert warning about a new "FASTCash" ATM scheme being used by the North Korean APT hacking group.
The malware installed on the issuers' compromised switch application servers intercepts the transaction request and responds the fake responses, fooling ATMs to spit out a large amount of cash.
https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA18-275A

GhostDNS DNS changer botnet hijacked over 100k routers attacking routers overt the intranet using browser javascript.
https://www.hacking.reviews/2018/10/ghostdns-new-dns-changer-botnet.html

Brian Krebs wrote about the really clever phishing scam schemes executed over the phone. They are pretending to be a bank, and have lots of information about the victim before the scam occurs.
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2018/10/voice-phishing-scams-are-getting-more-clever/

Some Reddit guy found tiny Linux PC hooked to to a router in his apartment. Investigation showed, that it is some kind of information stealing device and the info collectors are paying a "rent" to a roommate which implanted it on his own network. https://www.reddit.com/r/whatisthisthing/comments/9ixdh9/found_hooked_up_to_my_router/e6nh61r/

Facebook published some technical details about the recent profile leaking vulnerability.
The attackers connected three bugs and basically automated the whole process of obtaining user access tokens.
https://newsroom.fb.com/news/2018/09/security-update/

ESET researchers documented the first UEFI rootkit found in the wild. Called LoJax, the rootkit is targeting central, eastern Europe and Balkan government organizations.
https://www.welivesecurity.com/2018/09/27/lojax-first-uefi-rootkit-found-wild-courtesy-sednit-group/

Conor Patrick recently launched Kickstarter campaign for Solo, the first open source FIDO2 USB, NFC security key. Support it!
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/conorpatrick/solo-the-first-open-source-fido2-security-key-usb

A step-by-step Linux kernel exploitation for CVE-2017-11176 with the exploit code included.
https://blog.lexfo.fr/cve-2017-11176-linux-kernel-exploitation-part1.html


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